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Your family needs 


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..the cod liver oil tonic 


Helps get rid of the colds 
they have —builds | 
them up against new ones 


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get those same cod liver oil benefits 
your mother put such faith in, without 
the old cod liver oil taste. 

New Scott's Emulsion is rich in 
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You need these vitamins and the 
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WEVA EERO, TRY, UE 


VOL. XIV NO. 5 FE i 0 4 ; MARCH, 1959 
a 


Editor and Publisher: John H. Johnson 
Managing Editors: Era Bell Thompson, Herbert Nipson 
Associate Editors: Lerone Bennett Jr., Frank L. Brown, Gerri Major, Clotye Murdock, 
Samuel F. Yette 
New York Editor: Allan Morrison Washington Editor: Simeon Booker 
Staff Photographers: Elisworth Davis, David Jackson, Moneta Sleet Jr., Isaac Sutton, 
G. Marshall Wilson 
Home Service Director: Freda DeKnight 
Circulation Manager: Robert H. Fentress Asst. Circulation Manager: Charles W. Davis 
Agency Manager: Willie E. Miles Promotion Manager: D. Parke Gibson 
Comptroller: Mildred Clark Personnel Manager: Ruth Hobbs McCoy 
Admin. Assts.: Allavy Brewer, Marguerite Grant, Annabei 8. Harrison, Annie Mickle, 
Mabel Moore, June Acie Rhinehart, Ariel P. Strong, Virginia Tibbs 
Advertising Managers: East, William P. Grayson Midwest, LeRoy W. Jeffries 
West, Louis R. Johnson Adv. Production Manager: Isaac N. Payne 
Community Relations Director: William E. Jackson Research Director: Frank G. Davis 
Business Manager: J. Cameron Wade 





Librarian: Doris Saunders 











CONTENTS 
RACE 


Dark Leaders Of The World... .........csecsceccceseeese 29 


Black and brown elite hold balance of power 
I'm Glad My Daughter's Teacher Is A Negro by Sue Gerard.. 82 
Mother tells how integration works in Missouri 
ENTERTAINMENT 
Oe Te OPOROD s 66 6 6 3os adic decane fsnseus ocalee 
Physical culture enhances Dorothy Dandridge’s beauty 
PO eI ig oc oc cence ccctvgcu6¥ News cue bee oe cae yan 


Pearl Primus unveils Percival Borde, new dancing star 


i. TEETER ET ERT ee ee er ete 
Juanita Hall scores second hit in Eastern role 
A Visit With Mrs. Duke Ellington By Mare Crawford........ 132 


Musician’s wife lives quietly in Washington 
CHILDREN 
DO EE. oko h 5c cdcegibeseeesinscescaer hows Tae 
Helen Newman, 13, is TV-Radio repairgirl 
Sats SU IGIIN so oc igre iccnsccessecssesodedces OF 
German pair open home for Brown Babies 
SPORTS 


Sereeneetel Shed Mabree TemhiOe svc. s siciics oe occ cones eecesc: am 
Horseman Tom Bass was called world’s greatest trainer 


ORGANIZATIONS 
ek oes inh EERO Ee EST PUETETET TT ee 
Baltimore has only Negro volunteer unit 
PERSONALITIES 
Mahalia The Great By Frank London Brown.............++- 69 
Queen of Gospel calls music slave’s song of affliction 


World’s Most Glamorous Governor... .........+eeeeeeees 9 
Pretty widow rules Dominican Republic province 


oeeeeeee 


BUSINESS 
Canadian Businessman...... LUMO 6 ks aed or oleae oa Keka ws 
Negro is country’s top distributor 
OCCUPATIONS 
Male Models......... Phe Ss ane baits eonacapeke, aw 
Career is glamorous but still limited 
PE POSE TUNE TUNE PDO: a ic Sc oeccéviseccessecocdcauece EEN 


Gadget-filled taxi of cabbie offers many services 


DEPARTMENTS 
ODN MOT TUIIND 5 oo. ko 3 s'ew 5 csc cbenesvescidnecewbs eb 6 
Photo-Editorial: Time To Take Stock. .........eeeeeeeeesee 96 
117 
122 


Fashion Fair: The Sweater Picture... ......0.eececccevess 
Date With A Dish: Easter Party ............cccccccccveces 


ree peel abies eas ds tn ala 


ae 


COVER 


Mahalia Jackson has enjoyed greater popularity 
in recent months than at any other period of 
her career. Born in a New Orleans waterfront 
house by the banks of the lower Mississippi 
River, Miss Jackson defied crushing poverty, 
a motherless childhood and the temptation to 
become a blues singer to achieve eminence 
as a gospel singer of startling power and un- 
rivalled technique. Miss Jackson’s inspiring 
story of triumph over loneliness and hard 
times appears on page 69 of this issue. Cover 
photograph by Lawrence Schiller. 


Address all editorial and advertising correspondence to EBONY, 1820 South Michigan Avenue, 
Chicago 16, illinois. New York office: 55 West 42nd Street. Los Angeles office: 1127 Wilshire Boulevard. 
Washington office: (426 G Street, N. W. For change of address, furnish stenciled address 
from recent issue. Send new and old address to 1820 S. Michigan Avenue, Chicago 16, Illinois. Four 
weeks’ notice required te make change. Entire contents copyright, 1959, by Johnson Publishing Co., 
Inc. Reproduction in whele or part prohibited without permiscion. Manuscripts, photos and art sub- 
mitted should be accompanied by self-addressed envelopes and return postage. The publisher assumes 
no responsibility for return of unsolicited manuseripts or photos. 


SUBSCRIPTIONS: | year (12 issues) $3.50. 2 years (24 issues) $6. 3 years (36 
issues) $8.50. 4 years (48 issues) $11. Canada and Pan-American countries $4.50 a 
year, Other countries $5.50 a year. Single copies 35c. 


Member Audit Bureau of Circulations 


lait a 


iAViT, 








MIVE., OLENUCU VANAUIAN WHIOKT, 





BECAUSE PERSONAL 
DAINTINESS IS 
‘SO IMPORTANT... 


Choose mild “Lysol.” Millions of 
women know that douching with 
“Lysol” assures feminine cleanliness. 
So why settle for less? 


It’s far more effective than home- 
style douches, including vinegar. For 
“Lysol” brand disinfectant stops odor 
at its source — actually kills odor-caus- 
: ! 
ing germs! 


And ‘“‘Lysol”’ cleanses gently. 
Won’t harm your delicate insides. 
Leaves you wonderfully fresh and 
sweet—sure of your personal cleanli- 
ness! Why not try “Lysol” soon. Use 
it regularly! 
Now available— 
Pine-Scented “Lysol” 
as well as Regular. 
For free booklet 
(mailed in plain en- 
velope) on doctor- 
approved methods of 
douching, write to: 
“Lysol,’’ Bloomfield, 
N.J., Dept. E-359 








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Mum has no harsh aluminum salts. 

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Sniffles, 
congestion, 
coughs, 
tears... 
$0 sick 
with 

a cold! 


Comfort your baby with soothing 
relief that acts faster, works longer 
than aspirin or cold tablets 


ATOM TRACER TESTS PROVE VAPORUB 
ACTS IN 7 SECONDS, WORKS 10 HOURS 


Your loving hands massage Vicks VapoRub over 
chest, throat, back—and right before your eyes, the 
stufliness starts to clear, the cough calms. That’s be- 
cause soothing vapor medications reach cold-infected 


nose, throat, and chest in just 7 seconds . . . keep 
working for 10 hours — startling facts discovered 


by laboratory atom tracer tests. Medical literature 
shows that pills and tablets which go through stomach 
and bloodstream act slower and for shorter periods. 
And VapoRub relieves stufliness, coughs, congestion 

. symptoms aspirin does not help. For sniffles, 
sneezes, as well as croupy coughs . . . for grown-ups 
and children—use VapoRub for every cold. Use as 


a rub, in steam, in the nose. 


Vicks VapoRus’ 


WORLD'S MOST WIDELY USED COLDS MEDICATION 


Doctors prescribe n 


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nake 





PHONO-NEEDLE 
EXPERT 


Bob Richardson, 36, of 
Buffalo, N. Y., controls 
one of the largest inven- 
tories of diamond and 
sapphire phonograph 
needles in the East. A 
representative of the Tele- 
vex Company of Yonkers, 
Richardson serves as a 
diamond needle expert in 
Sattler’s Department 
store, and has sold as 
much as $3,000 worth of 


| needles in a single week. 
| He began his work as a 


hobbyist several years 
ago, collecting rare 
needles. Currently, he 
supervises retail sales of 
needles in six chain stores, 
and is compiling a na- 
tional needle catalogue. 








RO EIR LI e T ESE MEI BES 


NEEDLE Clinic 


SPEAKING 


BLIND WELL 
DIGGER 


Will Woodall, of Opelika, 
Alabama, is nearly blind, 
but earns his living as a 
well-digger, a trade 
learned after losing his 
sight in an accident 34 
years ago. He had never 
seen a well dug, but when 
he was unable to get wel- 
fare aid in 1936, he game- 
ly answered “I can” 
when asked whether he 
could dig one. He did, and 
since then has been almost 
steadily employed. De- 
spite his handicap, Wood- 
all views his hazardous 
work as “just another 
job.” During his most 
lucrative period (1946- 
48) he and a helper dug 
106 wells, one of which 
was a full 76 feet deep. 









COSMETICS 
CHEMISTS 


The O’Neal Twins, Ron- 
ald and Donald, 29, of St. 
Paul, Minn., are chemists- 
analysts with the Toni 
Co., makers of a popular 
line of nationally-adver- 
tised cosmetics. As inde- 
pendent researchers, they 
help supervise the formu- 
lation of new products, 
and test raw materials and 
finished products for mar- 
ket suitability. The twins 
completed _ pre-med 
courses at Hamline U. 
with distinguished records 
in 1953, read of openings 
with the company, and 
were hired almost im- 
mediately after applying 
They are doing further 
study in medical physi- 
ology. Both are married. 


EBONY is published monthly by Johnson Publishing Co., Inc. at 1820 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago 16, Illinois. Entered as second class matter October 2, 1945, at the post office at 


& Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. Subscriptions $3.50 yearly in the U.S.A. 














OF PEOPLE 


PERSONNEL 
ASSISTANT 


Eileen Williams, 31, of 
White Plains, N. Y., is as- 
sistant director of person- 
nel for the headquarters 
office of the General 
Foods Corp., one of the 
world’s leading processors 
and marketers of package 
grocery products. As per- 
sonnel assistant to the em- 
ployment manager, the 
Pomona College graduate 
(1948) screens and re- 
cruits new employes, ad- 
ministers tests to job 
applicants, recommends 
and makes promotions for 
the 1,500 employes in the 
GFC office in her native 
White Plains. After apply- 
ing for job, she held two 
others while waiting three 
years for the assignment. 





TRUCK SIGN 
PAINTER 


Rosita Williams, 43, is 
one of New York’s busiest 
artists in the unlikely line 
of painting signs on 
trucks, despite the fact 
that she is trained in fine 
arts. She switched from 
portrait painting 16 years 
ago and opened a Harlem 
shop when she discovered 
that she could earn more 
money in commercial art. 
Rich in original ideas, she 
began her present line five 
years later when a trucker 
dissuaded her from win- 
dow-lettering and placard 
painting. The Pennsyl- 
vania Museum art scholar 
found trucks easy, and 
now turns out an average- 
sized job like one shown 
in a single day of work. 


| 





RESEARCH 
DIRECTOR 


Deton J. Brooks Jr., 50, | 
is director of research and | 
statistics, a bureau he was | 
asked to organize last 
November for the Cook 
County Department of 
Welfare, Chicago. The 
department serves 190,- 


000 indigents, and con- 
trols a budget of $140} 
million annually. Having | 
overall responsibility for 
the bureau, he conducts 
studies to determine social 
needs and assist welfare 
decisions. While a gradu- 
ate student and instructor 
at Columbia U. (1955- 
58), Brooks, a mathema- 
tician and community 
organizer, served on the 
staff of the Horace Mann 
experimental school. 








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) MAY AAA 


America’s electric power program 
surges ahead on rails of steel 


Another example of how railroad progress goes hand in hand with U.S. progress 


The growing demand for electricity —electric power for homes, industry, national 
defense —requires vast new power projects in every section of the country. 

And essential to the building of these tremendous installations are America’s 
progressive railroads. They haul everything from heavy construction materials, 
huge generators and transformers to the most delicate wiring, switches and 
tubes. They move millions of tons of coal to generating stations. No other form 
of transportation can carry such massive amounts of material with the efficiency 
and economy of the railroads. 





In fact, the railroads are absolutely essential to our economic growth and 
national defense. The country couldn't do without them. That’s why the railroads 
should be allowed equality of treatment and opportunity with their competitors. 


RAILROAD PROGRESS: Modern, efficient snow-removal « 
ment keeps the railroad i ng when other forms of 


portation are slowed to a halt. 


AMERICA MOVES AHEAD WITH THE RAILROADS y ( ESSENTIAL TO THE NATION'S ECONOMY 


. — 
Association of American Railroads, Washington, D. C. a Sar rn 


Li 





LETTERS 










WOMAN BEHIND REV. KING AOE y at 
I have just finished reading the Jan- 
uary issue and I found it was very in- “i a 
| teresting. I would like to commend you | & . d t . 
| on your article, “The Woman Behind | 
Martin Luther King.” I am from the 
South and I am deeply concerned about 
—\- American Negroes and, of course, all | 
k () R S 4 | M | Americans, I think Rev. and Mrs, King | and relieves 
| | i have fought and are still fighting to help 
. us (the Negro race), which help we | these symptoms: 
ie a have been needing for a long time. I 
Y . gray ry . think if more Negroes would fight for 
CREATES A NAZ7 URAL our freedom and stick to it as Rev. 
Martin King has done, it would be much SNEEZING, 
easier for more American Negroes. I 
would like to say to Rev. and Mrs. King STUFFY NOSE 
that they are doing a swell job for the 
NATURALLY SMARTER Negroes and I am sure there will be 
success in the near future. 
PARALEE ALLEN 


NATURALLY FINER 


BECAUSE | Los Angeles, Calif. SORE 
| I have just finished reading the arti- 
IT’S FLORSHEIM MADE im cle, “The Woman Behind Martin Lu- THROAT 


ther King,” in the January issue. I found 
that it is very interesting and I am grate- 
ful to see two people cling together as 
they have. Thanks to Esony for pub- 
lishing such a good book, and I enjoy | 
reading it very much. 

Ray A. THOMPSON 


COUGHING 


Mansfield, Ohio 


I consider your January, 1959, edi- | 
tion of Esony among one of the finest 
of magazines. One of the articles I ad- 
mired the most was the one “The Wom- 
an Behind Martin Luther King.” Per- 
sonally, I think Mrs. Coretta Scott King | 
is a combination of the great and tal- 
ented Marian Anderson and the won- | 
derful Mrs. Daisy Bates of Arkansas. 
You have my support and three cheers 
from me to you and your staff. 

Eva KINGKA 
Pontiac, Mich. 


LIVING ON BORROWED TIME 


I am in the deepest of sympathy with 
Miss Walker (“I’m Living On Borrowed 
Time,” Jan. 1959) because I have a little 
girl 22 months old who is a victim of 


The common cold is not a single ailment 
and its *stages progress in no certain order. 
passed away with it. So she is not alone : cold ae ee parts of Sa 
; ; ; : rin 
The Florsheim Natura, 20326; | with this horrible disease. But I think Ging & variety OF miseries to Ciferent 
parts of your body. 
Coldene combines in one medicine quick- 
7 acting ingredi i ief 
sorneday there will be a cure and thank = eredients known to provide relief at 
5 ; a : your cold’s several 
God for everyday, like I am doing. I 
soca 4 ora stages. Coldene acts 
think it was a splendid story and EBony St 
: : : sc dated'-4-eninded hi al Mattias faster because it’s a 
Here’s a brand new Florsheim last and pat- SS re ee ee liquid. Brings feelable 
race know what is going on around —~ 
wre ; relief before a tablet 
them. I am writing this letter from the 


sickle cell anemia and another who 
was three years and 11 months who 





black smooth calf wing tip; | she is a very brave girl. She must try 
in brown, 30327. | and hold on to her strength and hope 


tern that are certainly well named—the 





“‘Natural”—because men will just natu- hospital now. can be digested. Most 

Ties . eee sta Medinet powerful cold medicine coldené 
-¢ , -@ a > > Demet > 2ele RS, ANN JGUS j * 
rally like it! Lhe taper to the toe—the slee s =o MR | you can buy without a ecitt ae 
slant to the side walls! It’s the xew Ameri- Beaumont, Texas prescription. 
can Look in styling—the good old-fash- I was very much interested in the | 


ioned American Look in quality and value. story, I'm Living On Borrowed Time ° 
(Jan., 1959) as I have a boy who has 
sickle cell anemia, also. It was discov- C0 elle 
ered when he was about six months old, 
but he has lived to be 31. 


So, to Miss Walker I say to have faith. | 
OF FINE SHOES FOR MEN ANI WOME ane ; - ‘ 
So cee ae diveaiardeiaas. Manna While God put doctors here for our use, coldene 





relief in minutes 


Copr 1958 by Pharma-Craft Corp. 
is a reg. tragemark ot Pharma-Craft Corp, 


TH FLOF HEIM SHOE MPANY © CHICA 6 * MAKERS 





penn iii \yee WE ALL AGREE 


i we have faith in Him, we will always 


win out. I was told I would never raise oa i i a yi a Po | Dw | 3 Fed 
my boy to be 12 and each year I died a 

| little thinking this was his last, but thank 

| God, he is still living and the time be- 

| tween transfusions is getting longer all 

the time. He has even gone through a 

major operation for perforated ulcers. 

| The doctor said if he had known my son Ernie 

| had sickle cell anemia, he wouldn’t have Banks, 


‘ Seer’ National 
touched him. So it isn’t the end of the League's 


| road; just keep looking up, Marclan. valuable 
Mary M. CLINTON Larry Doby player 


. wearing the Dave Mann 
Des Moines, Iowa 


NO. 16-—THE WINCHESTER NO. 10—THE CAPRI—S7.50 | NO. 18—THE SARASOTA—s10 
$8.50 


s ‘ —S8. Colors: Char Grey or Char Brown, | Colors: White, Lt. Grey, and Tan. 
| I have just completed reading the Colors: Black, Char Brown, Navy, or | and Char Blue. 


oxc oe Rust. 3 
| January, 1959, edition of your wonder- 


) : ag 
| ful magazine. May I say that it has been 

|an “amazing consolation” to me to re- a. 

ceive a copy each month and to eagerly s 2m 

| read and view the many interesting ar- > \ 

| ticles of our progressing world of today e ——— il 


| and tomorrow. NO. 1—UNBORN CALF- 


7 NO. 3—REGAL—$10.00 
. | FINISHED BEAVER—S$15 NO. 2—THE HIAWATHA 
It is very hard for me to put my feel- | J cotors: Char Black and White, 0 Colors: White, Lt. Grey, Med. Grey, 


. Char Grey, Navy, Dk. Green, Rust, 
| ings into words concerning this maga- on ———— 


z ; Cher Gran, fem con Brown, Dk. Brown, Lt. Tan 
The word is getting around zine, but I will try to sum up all that e 
about | I feel into one little word which I per- 
| sonally think will cover every phase of 


N | my description—it’s “unique”! 


| I subscribed for a “trial period” and 


* I must say that it has enticed me to go NO. 4—THE SHAG—$10 
“the other mile,” so to speak, because Colors: White, Lt. Grey, Med. Grey, NO. 5—COCKAGE—$7.50 NO. 6—TYROL—$7.50 


oe . : re Horizon, Navy, Willow, Dk. Green, | Colors: Navy, Brown, Rust or Char Colors: Navy, Brown or Charcoal 
it is a worthwhile cause—it really is! To 
BRAND 


Medium Brown, Dk. Brown, Tan, | Grey (with White Band), Pearl | with White or matched cord. 
. band. 
TA =f { ET gS marvelous improvement in our everyday 
living—politically, socially, educationally 
and last, but not least, religiously or 
rather spiritually. 
« ¢ 
On the campus — “My eo In reading the most appreciated final 
mate told me about new Cardui 


know that we as a race are showing a Rust, Charcoal and Black. with Black or Navy with matched 
copy of my “trial edition” of your mag- 7—THE CAVALIER—S15 
brand tablets, and I’ve told lots azine, I was particulasly interested in oa White, Lt. Grey, Dk. Grey, | NO. 8—TWO-TONE RIVIERA NO. 9—LO-TOP—S$10 


Navy, Willow, Dk. Green, Rust, —$10 Colors: Char Grey, Char Brown, 
the story written by Marclan A. Walker Medium Brown, Medium Grey, Dk. | Colors: Pearl and Char Grey, Hori- | Navy, Pearl Grey, Lt. Grey, White 


: «<7 - vane » Brown and Tan. zon and Navy, Medium Brown and | or Tan. 
entitled, “I’m Living On Borrowed Time. , 


} 
| 
| 
| 


—$s7 


of others. I’ve never taken any- 
thing that brings more relief from 
the cramps and discomforts of 


Dk. Brown 
ee Be ae May I say it was very touching. In fact, 
periodic pain. it has affected me in such a way that I Pon 
At the shopping center ~ “I’d can't help but to think of how little I’ve ; 
txted lots of things for monthly counted my blessings down through the 
pains and cramps—even aspirin. years; and it also has inspired me to ’ 


But I’ve never been as pleased write this young lady personally. NO. 23—ENGLISH DERBY 


; ie i 10, aes NO. 12—THE SENATOR—$20 | NO. 13—SLIM BRIM—$6.95 

with any medicine as I am with ; Miss P. V. GILBERT | # colors: lac, * Pear? Grey, Char | Colors: White, Lt. Grey, Willow, | Colors: White, Lt- Grey, pest Grey, 
e. se Chattanooga, Tenn. Brown, and Olive Green. Dk. Green, Navy, Dk. Brown, Me- Cher Ore " d oe ar sa 

Cardui tablets. dium Grown, Tan, Mediue Grey and ar Brown, Medium Brown or Tan. 


In the office —“Being a career | THREE YEARS ON DEATH ROW Dore. 


girl means so much to me. That’s Your recently published story of 24- 
why I’m happy I discovered how year-old Charles Townsend’s “Three ; 
Cardui tablets relieve the nerv- Years On Death Row” is a story which : 
ous tension I used to feel every | call a testimony of God. Mr. Town- 2 

” ; : - 


send has for three years been crying, 
— begging, praying to God to touch the NO. 14—SLIM BRIM SHAG ae on 


—$10 BRIM—$6.95 Col os ae he 
From one woman to another hearts of men on the Supreme Court to Colors: Lt. Grey, Pear! Grey, Char- | Colors: Pearl Grey, Char Grey, Navy olors: Navy, Lt. Grey, Dk. Brown 
the word is getting around about 


coal, Char Brown, Navy, Tan or | Char Brown or Medium Brown 
wonderful new Cardui brand tab- 


grant him another trial and to weigh his White. 
lets. Have you discovered what | And after winning twelve reprieves, he 
Cardui tablets can do for you? | deserves another trial. I, myself, a 
preacher of the Gospel, believe that F 
All modern girls know | every Christian who reads this story A 5 Y- 
to stay on the go— should earnestly pray that Charles 


friend Vernon Campbell’s testimony 
new Cardui | Townsend be given another trial. NO. ae —_— ee ft oan eek Gen tee 
tablets eee Semin I enjoy reading your magazine and Colors: Navy, Char Dk. Brown Grey, Tan, Char Brown, Navy NO. 21—TIGHT-TEL—$7.50 
are great... ' buy one every month. This story touched (Waite Cand). Colors: White, Lt. Grey, Med. Grey 


th hott f | ‘ Char Grey, Tan, Char Brown, Navy 
1e very bottom of my heart. 

=> WRITE FOR FREE CATALOG 
| Ferndale, Mich. 


I have just bought my December issue 


of EBONY and just finished reading the 356 E. 47th os... Chicago 53, i... Dept. E-359 
article, “Three Years on Death Row.” SAVE! Sodas ee ee eee oe eee See ee 


Please send me circle number you want) Hat No All Sizes 


Your article has me fascinated to 61/2 to 75s 


. 12348567 8 9 10 12 13 14 18 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 
know that Charles has been on the death ai aa 
> anc 


row for three years. And another thing For which § enclose $ Check or 


. . . ; Piease send C.0.D Send Free Catalogue NO. 22 SLIM BRIM XV $15.00 
that interested me is his own-conceived Colors: Lt. Grey, Pearl Grey, Dk 

ivi ; : NAME . ey, Tan, Med. Brown, Char Brown 
religion. After reading your article last Grey, Tan, Med. Brow 7 


. , . oo 
night, I couldn’t sleep for wondering ere 
. . city 
*tgaoemany | Whether or not he beat the chair or did 7 


po | 


i 


Continued on Next Page 





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SUPREME LIBERTY LIFE PAYS $1,250.00 CLAIM | on A. 


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On November 3, 1958, our agent Eva Cecil (left), of West Virginia 
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LETTERS ...... 


he die on the 13th. I would like very 
much for you to answer this question. 
Mary Rosinson 
Moorestown, N. J. 
Editor's Note: Charles Townsend did re- 
ceive another reprieve on the day before 
he was scheduled to die. At press time, 
he was still in prison awaiting final dis- 
position of his case. 


SUICIDE OF SOUTHERN TOWN 


Your article, “Suicide Of A Southern 
Town” (Dec., 1958); was an excellent 
account of what the Negro race can 
accomplish working together. I feel that 
this form of suicide should come to many 
more towns. Some Negroes will prob- 
ably get hurt, but one must remember 
that whether we fight or not someone 
will get hurt. I personally feel that more 
prominent Negro leaders should exert 
their leadership and continue the fight 
for those rights that are ours as a peo- 
ple. 

I am acutely cognizant of the num- 
her of Negroes who would lend their 
support to the many organizations fight- 
ing to circumvent the Supreme Court 
rulings and renounce our honorable ef- 
forts to obtain first-class citizenship and 
take our place among the peoples of 
| the world; however, this insignificant 
| body must not be allowed to alter our 
chances of obtaining those rights every 
one is given by God, our Creator. 

I commend you for this account and 
many others that people at home and 
abroad read with eager anticipation. 

Pvr. Sipney A. PERKINS 


APO 39, N. Y. 


“A. PHILIP RANDOLPH 


With deep admiration I’m expressing 
my admiration to Enony. Your feature 
Philip Randolph (December, 
1958), also many others of my race, 
| their worth and 





their achievements, 
| gives me race pride. 
| When Mr. Randolph first came to 
| New York, I was introduced to him by 
his wife (then, Lucille Green). I took a 
personal interest in their progress, mar- 
riage and devotion. Continued success 
to Esony and the A. Philip Randolphs. 
Mrs. ALEXINA G. SADLER 
| National City, Calif. 


I want to personally express my ap- 
| preciation for the dignified and_bril- 
| liantly done article by Allan Morrison 
} on myself in the November issue of 
| Esony. I want you to know that my 
| wife has read it several times and given 
it wide advertisement among her friends. 
In my movements around the coun- 
try, I find that it has been commended 
as a well-done portrait of myself. I 
wanted you to know this. 
A. Puttie RANDOLPH 
New York, N. Y. 


LULU GUERRERO 


I have just finished reading the article 
on “Jackie Gleason’s ‘Billboard’ Girls” 
(Lulu Guerrero) in the December issue 
of EBpony magazine. I must say that I 
highly enjoyed reading it. 

Being a Negro myself and at the age 
of 18, I am very aware and proud, too, 
of the fact that people like Lulu are 

| doing an awful lot in helping our race 
| establish a higher place in society. Al- 
| though she is the only Negro girl on the 
' show, she is just as beautiful and attrac- 


Continued on Page 16 





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As an extra note of grace, add Dodge’s new Swing-Out swivel seats.* 


Now, it’s nice to ride low and snug-to-the-road. You are more secure. The 
car is in better command. 


But here’s something important to you. When Dodge pioneered the low 
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The way you get in it, the way you sit in it, sets this ‘59 Dodge apart from 
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LETTERS 6... 


| tive as the other five girls. Her family 
| should be very proud of her, 


Rosa Lonc 
Yanceyville, N. C. 


azine and so are my buddies who are sta- 





| like to congratulate you on your Decem- 
| ber, 1958, pictorial story on “Jackie 
Gleason’s Billboard Girl.” I, myself, 
would like to say that Miss Guerrera is 
the most beautiful girl I have ever seen, 
| and I would like to let her and you 
know that we, the crew and I, have 
| chosen her as Miss Coast Guard Cutter 
| Storis of 1959. 
| 


Kodiak, Alaska 


‘TO SPITE THEIR FACES 


Over the years, I have read many fine 


Wiure H. PETERSON 


I am a constant reader of EBony mag- | 


: ° } 
tioned over here with me, and we would 





| editorials, but your editorial, “To Spite | 


| Their Faces,” in the January, 1959, issue 
| is the finest. 

Roy M. Tay tor, D.D.S. 
| Philadelphia, Pa. 


‘BEST AGE FOR BEAUTY 


Just finished reading your November, 
1958, issue. On your article, “What Is 
The Best Age For Beauty?” . . . seems as 
though you answered that ancient ques- 
| tion yourself, namely, by pointing out 
that lovely 23-year-old on pages 33-40. 

CHARLES GREGORY 


APO 252, N. Y. 


ST. LUKE’S CONGREGATIONAL 


| We all appreciated the fact that your 
magazine thought the story of what our 


newsworthy one and printed the article 


on our church and minister in your De- 
cember issue. But certain emphases in 


the article disturbed us because they 
| give a false impression of our church. 


lowing facts. 


presently, the St. Luke’s Congregational 
Church has a history going back to 
| 1868. The church’s building on Rock- 
away Avenue was torn down in 1948 to 
| make way for the Brownsville Houses, 


the first housing project in the area. In 
the years since then, the church has 
struggled to keep its life and witness 
| alive. For many years the New York 
City Association of the Congregational 
Church with the congregation sought to 
purchase a new building. In September, 
1958, the Association together with the 
Presbytery of Brooklyn-Nassau pur- 
chased for $96,000 a building for the 





accumulated over the years will be used 
| to renovate the building so that it will 
be a place of dignity and beauty. 
Although our minister is presently 
| without the aid that many large 
| churches can give their pastor, we are 
disturbed by ‘the impression which the 
article gives that we do not share with 
her the burdens of the maintenance of 
the present premises. To keep the 
| church going during many dark periods 
| when we were without a minister many 
members of the church gave sacrificially 
of their time and strength. We appre- 


A inait beverage specialty served in a wide, shallow or sherbet glass. Metropolis Brewery of N. J...Inc., Trenton, N. J. | ciate too much the leadership which the 


16 


Continued on Page 18 


Therefore, we ask you to print the fol- | 


|church at 142 Watkins Street. The | 
building fund which the church has | 


church is trying to do in Brownsville a | 


Although our church is in a storefront | 





Aid 





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ce pe liege EEO 


| Make it a party! 


Make it merry—with Good-and-Plenty Pizza! 
Fun to eat—fun to make, too, with French’s 


new recipe. French’s own mustard recipe Nae 
calls for rare spices, specially grown — == 
mustard seeds, and the very finest f Sen NN 
vinegar. That’s why French’s Mustard j 
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j 


On food... wlusmar 
In food... — 


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FRENCH’'S MUSTARD 








Make French’s 


Good-and-Plenty Pizza 


With a new tangy crust .. . and the 
best-tasting filling this side of Rome! 


Pizza Crust 


2 cups biscuit mix 


2 tbsps. French’s Mustard 

Ls cup milk 
Measure mix into a bowl. Stir mustard into milk; 
blend into mix. Knead 1 minute on board dusted 
with biscuit mix. Roll to fit 12-inch pizza pan. 
Prick surface with fork. Bake in hot oven (425°F) 
5-7 min. or until set; remove from oven. Reduce 
heat to moderate (375°F). Prepare filling. 


Pizza Filling 
) 


2 cans (3-0z.) tomato sauce 
1 tbsp. sugar 
1 tbsp. French’s Minced Onion 
2 tbsps. French’s Mustard 
14 tsp. French’s Oregano 
1 lb. bulk pork sausage meat, 

well cooked and well drained 
1 cup grated sharp Cheddar cheese 

2 tbsps. grated Parmesan cheese 

Combine tomato sauce, sugar, onion, mustard, 
and oregano; bring to a boil; simmer 10 min 
Pour into partially baked crust. Sprinkle with 
half of Cheddar, then sausage, then remaining 
Cheddar, top with Parmesan. Return to oven; 
bake 12-15 min. or until cheese melts and 
crust is deep golden brown. Yield: 6 servings 
Friendly Warning: Because French's Mustard 
has a special flavor, texture and cclor all its own, 
don’t expect best results from this recipe with 
any other mustard. 














16 


18 


eI, oe eS Owe 


QO OO es Ov eg UE VUS OCG, Crewag FT VWueuurTg SUS OO 


Continued on Page 18 


Advice to girls who are thinking 


of a stage or TV career 


“My Golden Palomino Skin 


Excited Audien 


“[ really wowed ‘em! 
Applause was longer and 
louder than ever before” 


by Marie Davant 


The first time I saw Miss Lana Stewart {I'll call her}, 
she was drab and ordinary looking. She had a good voice, but 
nothing else. Her engagements were always one-night stands. 

Last night was a different story! She was attractive, charming, 
at her very best—the audience was wild about her. I went back 
stage after the show for an interview—to feature her in my next 
beauty column. 

Close up she looked even better. I realized her bonne penne 
notices were no exaggeration. There was no longer any doubt 
about it... the girl was terrific! 

“What in the world has happened to you Miss Stewart?” I 
asked. “I want to report to my readers the wonderful secret to 


your success.” 
HER DRAMATIC STORY 


Lana Stewart was happy ... in a talkative mood. “Yes, I’ve 
come a long way since you last saw me. And I owe it all to my 
manager, Ed Alien. He gave me a priceless piece of advice when 
I poe it most. 

| had just come off stage, sad and blue. The audience had 
really frozen me.” 

“What's wrong with me, Mr. Allen?” I asked. “Why can’t I 
keep my audience after the first couple of songs. Is my voice 
getting bad?” 

That's when he really let me have it. “Look, kid, you're tops 
with me. I mean you've really got class. Your name oughta ; 
up there in lights on Broadway. Instead you're singing in a 
third-rate dump like this. And I'm gonna tell you why.” 

“Tell me what?” 

“You can't improve the voice. Your pipes are the best. It’s 
your looks that just don’t quite pass the test. You see, an enter- 
tainer like you ought to be radiant and glowing—always in 
high style.” 

“For instance?” I said coldly. 

“Por instance: for some time now there’s been a brand new 
style coming on called Golden Palomino Skin . . . that creamy, 
natural, light tan look. You see, kid, styles in skin change like 
colors in lipstick and nail polish. And right now the rage is 
Golden Palomino skin.” 

“But my complexion is just naturally dark!” I exclaimed. 

‘Well, it’s time you woke up and did something about it. 
Give yourself that sparkle the guys and dolls really go for. Get 
yourself a jar of that special new face creme—called Golden 
Peacock Imperial Creme. It'll put a bright, new glamour-look 
on that sweet little face of yours.” 

“And how do you know so much about it?” I was still a little 
peeved, 

“How? I got a smart wife who likes to make herself look 
good—just for me. And, Baby, that Golden Palomino skin really 
looks good.” 

“What's more,” he continued, “I could name you dozens of 
actors and actresses who are using Golden Peacock Imperial 


Creme right now. Take a look in their dressing rooms and you'll 
see what I mean.” 


BEAUTIFUL AND FAMOUS 


Lana Stewart smiled a bright, dazzling smile, framed by her 
beautiful fand now famous} Golden Palomino skin. 

“Well, I don't have to ask if you followed his advice, Miss 
Stewart. You're absolutely stunning.” 

“Thank you, Marie,” she said with the easy assurance of one 
who is used to many compliments. “I did exactly as Ed Allen 
told me. And do you know in less than two weeks my skin— 
my face, arms, hands—were transformed into a light golden 
tan. | was so happy I felt like shouting.” 

“And your audiences?” 

“Marie, my audiences showered me with approval. For the 
first time in my life they were mine—really mine. The cheers 
and applause rang in my ears. And they became louder and 
louder with each song. | took bow upon bow after each num- 
ber.” 

I nodded. “Yes, and that was quite a demonstration I saw 
tonight. They loved every minute of you. I'm so glad you've 
become famous and adored.” 

“Thanks to Ed Allen and Golden Peacock Imperial Creme 

I'll never be without it.” 
Well, dear readers, that’s the story of how Lana Stewart, the 


ces Lverywhere 


99 





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Golden Peacock, Inc. 
Dept. 27, Paris, Tennessee 
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b4Nw os ses aw sewn Fines 6 bine aia ke oO ME se Ris 


~_ | 








LETTERS ..... 


united efforts of the Congregational 
and Presbyterian denominations have 
brought us for us not to continue to 
shoulder our responsibility for the work 
around the church. 

The article also describes only one as- 
pect of our community. There is over- 
crowding and poverty here — far too 
much of it for those of us who know 
what suffering these conditions bring in 
broken families, lowered educational 
standards and delinquency. But yet we 
know the great challenge and opportu- 
nity before this community. We see the 
city rebuilding large sections of the com- 
munity; private builders are at work too 
with middle-class housing; new schools 
are going up; community spirit is com- 
ing alive. As a Christian church we seek 
to foster in all the ways open to us the 
influences working here for good com- 
munity. We look forward to the day 
when our church will be an integrated 
church in an integrated society. 

We want to say something specific 
about the picture on page 112 of Miss 
Archibald speaking to a parishioner. Un- 
aware at the time that the picture for 
which she was posing would be used in 
a commercial magazine, the woman con- 


| sented for the picture to be taken. She 


has since been considerably embarrassed 
by the picture since she is herself a 
professional counsellor. She does, as does 
any social worker, confront problems 
which she discusses generally with her 
pastor. 

Finally, there is a definite error in 
your statement that there are only “three 
churches all of the store-front variety” 
in the neighborhood. According to the 
Protestant Council survey, there are 
more than 22 Protestant churches in 
Brownsville. Two large Baptist churches 
are neighbors to St. Luke’s and each has 
its own church building. We are grate- 
ful for our spiritual fellowship with these 
churches as well as with the Catholic 
Churches and the numerous Jewish syn- 
agogues of the community as we face the 
task of working for a better Brownsville. 

OFFICERS OF 
St. LuKEe’s CONGREGATIONAL 


CuHurncn 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 


EBONY PICTURES 


6—Harmon Perry, Mi- 
chael F. Stark, Guil- 
mant 


7—Anton Kamp-General 


89--G. Marshall Wilson, 
Moneta Sieet Jr 


90—G. Marshall Wilson, 
David Jackson, G. 


Foods, David Jack- Marshall Wilson 

son, Moneta Sleet Jr. 92—David Jackson, Isaac 
20—Lund Hansen-B8S Sutton, G. Marshall 
23—Wide World Wilson 


94—Howard Morehead, 
Moneta Sicet Jr. 


95—David Jackson, 
Robinson 


28—Frank Horvat 
30—Kryn Taconis-Magnum 
33 to 36—Dick Miller- 


Globe Photos 97—Charles H. Cooper 
39 to 44—David Jackson 99 to 106—Moncta Siect 


46—G. Marshal! Wilson dr. 
47—Moneta Sileet Jr., 108, 109—Moneta Sieet Jr. 


6. Marehalt Wilson 111 to 114—Lacey Craw- 
48, 49—Moneta Sieet Jr. ford 


50—Irwin Gooen-N. Y 117 to 120—Christa 


Univ., Moneta Sieet 
> . 128—Friedman-Abelies, 
jr., G. Marshall Wil john Geese 


son 
129—Moneta Sieet Jr., 
52 to 56—Joan Lipscomb vated» TB td 


59—Edo Koenig-BS, Kurt 
130—Moneta Sleet Jr., 
SOeEraaee Friedman-Abeles, 


Louie 


60—Edo Koenig-8S, Kurt Moneta Sieet Jr 
h h 
emenerere 131—Moneta Sleet Jr., 
61—Edo Koenig-BS, Kurt Friedman-Abeles, 
Schraudenbach 


Moneta Sleet Jr. 


62—Kurt Schraudenbach, 432. pope 


Studios, 


Edo Koenig-8S 
63 to 67—Elisworth Davis 
69—CBS-TV 


70—Isaac Sutton, ABC- 
TV, G. Marshall Wil- 
son 


71—Theodore Gaffney, 
Issac Sutton 


72—Isaac Sutton 

74, 76—Isaac Sutton 
77 to 8O—Herb Nott-8S 
82 to 88—Mike Shea 


Abbreviations: 8S—Black 
International, 


Mitchell Studios, 
Ellsworth Davis 


133—Peter Smith, Bud 
Berman, William P. 
Lanier 


134—William P. Lanier 


135—UP!. G. Marshall 
Wilson 


136—Joe Covello-B8S, El!s- 
worth Davis 


138—Don Bronstein, Ells- 
worth Davis 
Star, UPIi-—United Press 


PP—Publix Pictorial. 





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BACKSTAGE 





ROM the beginning, Esony was 
thought of as a cosmopolitan mag- 
|azine which would be of interest to 
|colored peoples throughout the world. 
| As it has grown throughout the years 
and especially in the past ten years, it 
has proven to be just that. 

| Today, Exsony is hailed in Africa 
and Asia, in the West Indies and South 
| America. 


Many travelers from foreign 
| countries—editors, statesmen, sociolo- 
gists, teachers—make a visit to the John- 
son Publishing Company a “must” stop 
| when they tour Chicago. In U. S, In- 
formation Service libraries around the 
world, Esony is_ literally 
pieces.” 
Cosmopolitan in outlook, Exony to- 
| day is becoming even more cosmopoli- 
| tan in personnel. Almost from the mag- 
azine’s inception, one of its key editorial 
staff members has been New York editor 
Allan Morrison, born in Canada of 
West Indian parents. Now a bonafide 
New Yorker and an American citizen, 
Allan is a cosmopolite of the first oyder. 
One of the latest additions to the 
editorial staff at Publishing 
Company is Hans Massaquoi, a Negro 
born in Germany who first learned to 
speak English when British troops oc- 
cupied Hamburg in 1945, Hans later 
lived in coming to 


“read to 





Johnson 


Liberia before 


America. Now an associate editor on 
Jet and a contributor to Espony (see 
“Children Nobody Wants” Page 59), 
Hans hopes to become a U. S. citizen 
this summer. 

Just this year our girls in mailing who 
have been sending copies of Esony to 
countries all over the world were joined 
Naomi 


Aryeh came to us from Ghana and 


by two from foreign lands. 
Micheline Corvington journeyed up from 
tropical Haiti. 

Peoples throughout the world will be 
interested in “Dark Leaders Of The 
World,” (Page 23)—the first story pic- 
turing the men who lead colored na- 





| tions the world over. 
Next month we will take another look 
| at a Negro abroad, this time a migrant 
from the West Indies to Denmark. Vic- 
{tor Valdemar Cornelins (shown above 
| with two of his pupils) is a vice princi- 
pal at a huge elementary school in Naks- 
| kov, Denmark. His story will be told 
|in the April issue. Of course we will not 
| neglect the good old U.S.A. Glamorous 
will tell about 
reared her children; there will be a pic- 
ture spread on Floyd Patterson, boxing’s 
most misunderstood heavyweight cham- 
pion; a story on painless birth through 
hypnosis and the annual spread on 
\the latest spring and summer fashions 
| designed for men. 


Lena Horne how she 














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22 





f 
; 


ek 


Black and brown masses of Africa and Asia look to Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah (1.) of Ghana and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru for leadership. 


DARK LEADERS OF THE WORLD 


Brown, black of Africa and Asia elite hold the balance of power in East-West struggle 












Kwaci! 
Ufulu! 
t Ablode! 
; ; Free-DOOOM! 
ALGERIA atid : - ; ; er : 
ITY: N every tongue, in every dialect, there is a word for it. Black 


Paani ap , 
men in Africa slap their thighs and scream it. In Asia, brown 


men shout it. And some men sing it. 








By telegraph, by tabloid, by tom-tom, the word rushes through 











Africa and Asia. To brown, red and black men, it means freedom 
from colonial domination and a place in the sun. Since World 
War II, the word has made millions free. Twenty Afro-Asian 
countries with more than 700 million peoples have sprung loose 
from the coils of colonialism in the last 12 years. Today, in Africa, 
another 72 million are poised on the brink of freedom. 

These facts underline a crucial and, to some, a frightening fact. 
Over 1 billion 500 million colored peoples are on the make. These 


teeming millions are trying to do in 50 years what Europe did in 





BEIT seri-independent or neor independence five centuries. From Timbuktu to Taiwan, non-white men are 


Semi-independent republics in French Union 


caught up in the throes of a triple revolution social, industrial 


~~) and _ political 
FSA Mesh gereemniem with Ath te ett 7 ANGOLA \ Who are the leaders of this vast social upheaval? 
alll j / : And where are they leading the two-thirds of the world that 
|_} Colonial ’ is non-white? 


South West Atrica is Union of South Africa mandate, They are, in the main, dreamers, but they are hard-headed 
BHT] ; : 
133i 


LL te 


dreamers. Most of them spent years in jail or exile for political 





activity. Among them are emperors and queens, kings and dic 
SWAZILAND tators, premiers and princes. 


Oe 


Ni tid Weg BASUTOLAND Continued on Next Page 23 











THIRTY-TWO RULERS OF 










CAMBODIA“ CEYLON COMMUNIST CHINA NATIONALIST CHINA 
King Norodom Suramarit Prime Minister S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike Premier Chou En-Lai Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek 









INDONESIA IRAN IRAQ JAPAN 
President Achmed Sukarno Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi Prime Minister Abdul Karim el-Kassim Emperor Hirohito 


~ 





& 


LEBANON LIBERIA LIBYA MALAYA 
President Fouad Chehab President William V. S. Tubman King Idris I Paramount Ruler Tuanku Abdul Rahman 





- 


SAUD! ARABIA SUDAN THAILAND TUNISIA 
King Saud Premier Ibrahim Abboud Field Marshal Sarit Thannarat President Habib Bourguiba 





24 












Cd . 

/ tr 
ETHIOPIA 
Emperor Haile Selassie I 





DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 


Generalissimo Rafael Trujillo 





GUINEA 


Prime Minister Sekou Touré 


HAITI 


President Francois DuValier 


SRI EE Roe Sots 


awww © 









~ 


2. 


SOUTH KOREA 


President Syngman Rhee 





JORDAN 
King Hussein I 





NORTH KOREA KUWAIT 
Premier Kim il-sung 


Sheik Abdullah al-Salem al-Sabath 





MOROCCO NEPAL 


King Mahnedra Bir Bikram 


King Mohammed V 


PAKISTAN 


PHILIPPINES 
President Mohammad Ayub Khan 


President Carlos P. Garcia 





-_— 


UNITED ARAB REPUBLIC 
President Gamal Abdel Nasser 





TURKEY 


NORTH VIETNAM 
President Celal Bayar 


SOUTH VIETNAM 
President Ho Chi-minh 


President Ngo Dinh Diem 


Continued on Next Page 25 





TWENTY RULERS OF SEMI-INDEPENDENT NATIONS 


BUGANDA CONGO CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD DAHOMEY 
King Mutesa II Prime Minister Fulbert Youlou P. M. Barthélémy Boganda Prime Minister Gabriel Lisette P. M. Sourou-Migan Apithy 


FRENCH CAMEROONS GABON IVORY COAST MADAGASCAR MAURITANIA 
P. M. Amhadou Ahidjo Prime Minister Leon M’Ba Prime Minister Auguste Denise P. M. Philibert Tsiranana P. M. Moktar Ould Daddah 


NIGER NIGERIA | NORTH NIGERIA WEST NIGERIA EAST NIGERIA 


Prime Minister Hamani Diori P. M. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Premier Alhaji Ahmadu Premier Obafemi Awolowo Premier Nnamdi Azikiwe 


SENEGAL SUDANESE REPUBLIC TOGOLAND TONGA WEST INDIES 
Prime Minister Mamadou Dia Prime Minister Jean-Marie Kone Premier Sylvanus E. Olympio Queen Salote P. M. Grantley H. Adams 


26 Continued on Page 29 





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PROOF - PROOF - 
destroys decay bacteria stops mouth odor all day 


MOUTH BACTERIA, JUST ONE GLEEM Mouth odor stopped all day! Scientific tests 

CHIEF CAUSE BRUSHING DESTROYS prove that one morning brushing with Gleem 

OF DECAY, BUILD UP UP To 90° destroys odor-causing bacteria so effectively 

OVERNIGHT LIKE THIS OF THESE BACTERIA that mouth odor is stopped ail day for most 
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If you, like this dad, can’t brush after every meal—even though 
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Félix Houphouet-Boigny is most powerful politician in French Africa. Ivory Coast 
leader has been cabinet member in every French government since 1956. He is | 
opposed to independence, says colonies should seek “partnership with France.” | 

| 


DARK LEADERS Continued 


They have the usual political gifts. They are spell-binding speakers, | 


leaders of mass movements, masters of conference table in-fighting. | 
| 
Some have what western voters call sex appeal. Dark, handsome Sekou | 


Touré, leader of the world’s youngest nation, is worshipped by women 
voters in Guinea. | 





Some, like Premier Sylvanus Olympio of Togoland and Premier | 
Nnamdi Azikiwe of East Nigeria, are independently wealthy. Prime | 
Minister Fulbert Youlou is a Roman Catholic priest who defied his 
bishop and seized political control in the Republic of the Congo. | 
Prime Minister Barthélémy Boganda of the Central African Republic | 
is an ex-priest who was unfrocked for marrying a French woman. 

Most of these men are “eggheads.” There are, among them, gradu- | 


ates of the world’s best universities. Two—Nkrumah (Lincoln [Pa.] | 
University) and Azikiwe (Howard and Lincoln Universities )—are | 

‘ : | 
products of American Negro colleges. 


History, they believe, marches with them. African leaders say white 
domination of that continent will end in 1960 when Nigeria (the 
largest British colony in the world), the French Cameroons, Togoland | 
and Somaliland become free. “Not only is the white man defensive,” | 
says John Gunther in /nside Africa, “he is frightened . . .” 


Some are democrats. A few are communists. All are in a hurry. | 
} 


Not content with small political units, the dark leaders of the world | & 


are planning huge federations modeled after the original thirteen 
colonies of America. Prime Minister Nkrumah and Prime Minister 
Touré are preaching the gospel of a West African Federation of 
Guinea, Ghana and possibly Liberia and Nigeria. President Gamal 
Nasser has formed the United Arab Republic (Egypt and Syria) and 
Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia has gained access to the sea by 
federation with Eritrea. 

The overriding importance of these men is that they hold the balance 
of power in the struggle between Russia and the West. Many are 
potential western allies. They tend, however, to follow the ideological 
lead of the Three N’s— Nkrumah, Nehru and Nasser. Nehru is the 
apostle of neutralism. Nkrumah speaks of “positive non-alignment.” 
Nasser is an enigma to Russia and the West. 

Two things could tip the balance—economic aid and color. The 
color problem is complex. Some of these leaders, for example, are 
technically white, despite their brown skins. Their peoples are of all 
shades and persuasions. North Africa, the intellectual center of the 
Moslem world, is a heterogeneous mixture of Arabs, Berbers, Moors, 
Semites and Negroes. There are, in Asia, black, brown and red men. 

At the Bandung Conference, which was attended by Turkey and 
Lebanon among others, these diverse peoples made common cause. 
Within recent years, the powerful Afro-Asian bloc in the United Na- 
tions has presented a single front on racial issues. On many votes, 
the Afro-Asian group is supported by the Latin-American countries 
(most of the people of South America are non-white ). 

Economic and technical aid are important because of the huge prob- 
lems the black and brown elite of Africa and Asia inherited from 
colonial administrations. In many countries, for example, the illiteracy 
rate is above 90 per cent. Several have severe population problems. 

The paradox the new elite must grapple with is that Africa and 
Asia are rich in resources but money poor. Southeast Asia provides 90 


Continued on Next Page 


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DARK LEADERS Continued 


w per cent of the world’s crude rubber, 60 per cent of its tin. Africa 
No self-res tin mother produces 98 per cent of the diamonds of the world, 55 per cent of its 
copper. These resources cannot be developed, however, without large 

capital outlays for roads, railway systems, smelters and dams. 


wants her family to use an inferior An allied problem is the development of local industry. This cannot 


be done without trained managerial and technical staffs. All over 


dressing. So | always get ‘Vaseline’ | Africa, political institutions are run by black men, but most non-politi- 


cal organizations are in the hands of white men. 
There are also enormous political problems. In Africa, the major 


Petroleum Jelly in the Blue Seal | problems are the power of tribal chiefs and the divisive influence of 


| tribal and religious groups. Most westerners tend to assume that 


package the kind that doctors Africa is Africa and black is black. In fact, black and brown men 


| differ as much as western men. Among the 36 million people of Nigeria, 
? there are 250 tribes, some 10 million Moslems and a stunning array of 
recom mend. That Way | m SU re | Christians and pagans. Says Premier Awolowo of West Nigeria: “West 


"1 ” and East Nigeria are as different as Ireland from Germany. The North 





is as different from either as China.” 

How are African and Asian leaders dealing with these problems? 

1. INTERNAL DEVELOPMENT. Capital is being sought, by most 
| countries, in the West. But the West has been warned that these coun- 
| tries will “go elsewhere,” i. e., Russia, if they are refused. Large-scale 
| efforts are being made to shift from subsistence to cash-crop farming. 
| In Ghana, Negro-run corporations are developing and are holding their 
/own in competitive bidding against European firms. In the last five 
| years, Nkrumah has laid away some $700 million reserves for internal 
| development. He is also operating a profitable ship line, The Black 
| Star Line, with Israel. Nkrumah, Nasser and Touré are in a dam race. 
| Nkrumah’s Volta River Project will cost $800 million. 
| 2. EDUCATION. All of the Afro-Asian countries are investing 
heavily in education. Azikiwe of East Nigeria spends 50% of his 
budget for education. One-third of the budget in Ethiopia is spent 
for schools and other educational projects. Emperor Selassie is also 
_using his immense personal funds in the drive to wipe out illiteracy. 
In Ghana, the Adult Education Program, one of the best in the world, 
has cut illiteracy by about 15 per cent. 

3. POLITICAL STABILITY. The leaders are concentrating on two 
projects: 1) crushing sectionalism and 2) establishing internal order 
and respect for the national state. Nkrumah and Touré want tribal 

| chiefs to remain “above politics,” like the Queen of England. In several 
countries, the need for order has led to one-man rule by generals. 




































The new leaders say quite frankly that they have made mistakes and 
are likely to make more. Tom M’boya, the brilliant young nationalist 
leader from Kenya and a potential prime minister, voiced the senti- 
ment of his colleagues when he told the recent All-African Peoples 
Conference: 

“Civilized or not civilized, ignorant or illiterate, rich or poor, we, 
the African states, deserve a government of our own choice. Let us 
make our own choice. Let us make our own mistakes, but let us take 

comfort in the knowledge that they are our own mistakes.” 
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At conference of independent African countries, delegates discuss fast-moving 
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Head erect, Dorothy strikes near-haughty pose in 
achieving graceful carriage. Vigilant practice under 
eye of Walter Saxer enhances her natural beauty. 


Keeping rhythm with instructor Saxer, 
Dorothy works in smooth, graceful mo- 
tions, keeps muscles long and limber. 





Balancing, with legs out and straight, helps tone mus- 
cles, smooths out bulges. Movie stars Ingrid Bergman, 
Greta Garbo have been among Saxer’s many clients. 


ae 

On tiptoes, Dorothy and Saxer use tension to keep 
bodies lean and supple. Proper exercise helps Dorothy 
walk, sit, stand, run, and even breathe gracefully. 


GRACE THROUGH EXERCISE 


Physical culture enhances Dorothy Dandridge’s natural beauty, grace 


HE ROLE of Bess, the young, slen- 

der siren of Gershwin’s immortal 
folk operetta Porgy And Bess, calls for 
a lithe lass with a “certain radiant 
charm.” For that extra “certain charm,” 
Dorothy Dandridge, who at 36 is a 
thoroughly dedicated performer, turned 
to a veteran physical culturist, Swiss- 
born Walter Saxer, one of filmdom’s 
best-known physical primers. 

In a preliminary testing interview, 
Saxer prescribed certain routines which 
he felt would best suit her physique 
for the role alongside pliable Sidney 


Poitier (Porgy). For three months be- 
fore filming began, and during the three 
months of filming, the Cleveland-born 
singer-dancer practiced a daily routine 
of exercises designed to make her body 
speak through graceful gestures, pos- 
ture and motion. 

Saxer was delighted with the adept 
learning of his pupil. Commented the 
master trainer: “Dorothy's grace stems 
from an extremely flexible and elastic 
body which is femininity itself. Her 
radiance is an expression of inward 
harmony.” 


Continued on Next-Page 
‘ 


eee rere anes 


pi) > jee to type ae es 











How much 
do you 


know about 


internal 


cleanliness? 


5 


$ Day before yesterday, 
7 many women hesitated to 
ag . talk about the douche even 

to their best friends, let 
alone to a doctor or druggist. 

Today, thank goodness, women are 
beginning to discuss these things freely 
and openly. But—even now—many 
women don’t realize what is involved 
in treating “the delicate zone.” 

They don’t ask. Nobody tells them. 
So they use homemade solutions 
which may not be completely effec- 
tive, or kitchen-type antiseptics which 
may be harsh or inflammatory. 

It’s time to talk frankly about inter- 
nal cleanliness. Using anything that 
comes to hand .. . “working in the 
dark”... 
yourself, in this modern day and age. 

Here are the facts: tissues in “the 
delicate zone” are very tender. Odors 
are very persistent. Your comfort and 


is practically a crime against | 





well-being demand a special prepara- 


tion for the douche. Today there is 
such a preparation. 

This preparation is far more effec- 
tive in antiseptic and germicidal action 
than old-fashioned homemade solu- 
tions. It is far safer to delicate tissues 
than other liquid antiseptics for the 
douche. It cleanses, freshens, elimi- 
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34 


“What will | fix for dinner ?” | 





wT 
*) 
(ons 


Squatting erectly, Dorothy copies Saxer’s model gymnastic form. 
Saxer came to U.S. in 1939 through Swiss government to run 
Swiss pageants at N.Y. World’s Fair, came to Hollywood in 1943. 





Rowing motion strengthens back muscles, smooths arms and shoulders. Sticks pre- 
vide leverage, add interest, and lots of the stretching necessary to conditioning. 
| Exercises were taken 6 a.m. every day at Dorothy’s home during filming of movie. | 


Continued on Page 36 







Relaxed completely, Dorothy and teacher sprawl on chairs, body tension re- 
lieved. Keeping intent of each routine well in mind aids coordination, proper 
execution. Practicing subject must yearn for results of good vigorous workout. 








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“What will | fix for dinner ?” | 


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| 


| Roundness of movements, aided by hoops, gives swan-like grace. Saxer says danc- 
| ing motion is circulation boost, adding that a continuous combustion of the body 
| requires a constant supply of oxygen to achieve Dorothy’s warm, internal glow. 


IN DETROIT... 


Lafayette Allen, Jr., Manager of 
Allen's Supermarket, Inkster, Michigan 
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Corned Beef Hash.” 








Flowers for the lady symbolize Saxer’s award to client for maximum achieve- 
ment in grace. Delighted with Dorothy’s cultured performance, Saxer says 
her “extremely flexible, elastic body” (below) is source of her grace. 


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36 





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TEEN-AGE TV WIZARD 


Helen Newman, 13, is TV-radio repairgirl 


ET A TV set go “blooey” in Ravenna, Ohio, and chances are that a 

slim, sweet-faced young girl will be the one who will probe its 
innards and make it as good as new. She is Helen Newman, a quiet, 
moody 13-year-old radio-TV repairgirl. 

At five, the attractive eighth grader began hanging around her 
father’s shop, watching him check tubes and make wire connections. 
At eight, Helen started tinkering with the radio and TV sets on daddy 
Cleo Newman’s workbench. Right afterward, she made a radio of 
her own out of old parts. Since then she completely rebuilt a television 
set (with a channel-changer that operates by remote control) for 
her room. 

It all started one night when the quiet youngster intercepted an 
emergency call from a distressed TV owner. Helen put on her jacket, 
took the tool-box, and slipped out of the house. The customer was 
floored, but he let the solemn little girl work on the set. Soon it was 
working perfectly. Mr. Newman was angry, but Helen Newman’s 
career as a TV and radio repairgirl was begun. 

About a year and a half ago Helen undertook the difficult job of 
car radio repair. Clad in tight-fitting pants and sweater she now slides 
underneath dashboards and mends car radios on a while-you-wait 
basis. She was recently offered a job by a wholesale TV and radio 
company in Ravenna, but the strange, bright beauty with the Univac 
mind is holding out for a scholarship to Ohio’s Kent State University. 


Television repairgir! Helen Newman is as precise as any TV technician in Ravenna, 
Ohio. Wayne Bromborger (below, |.) watches repair of portable radio; Salesman 
John Herzog (below, r.) is pleased with acrobatic attention Helen gives his car radio. 


a A 


\ oN 


| 





Te Bue cmt 


as 


a 
cons 
4 
= 
a 
i 











Solitary study of electronic principles ac- 
counts for many of Helen’s after-school 
hours. She tolerates rock ’n’ roll music, 
but prefers classics. Although she is an 
excellent student, her parents often have 
to insist that she concentrate less on elec- 
tronics and more on school lessons. 


Continued on Next Page 











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School’s out for Helen and her friend Mary Lee Ragen. Ravenna High Principal 
Watters calls her “unusual,” praises her ability to grasp lessons quickly. Her quick- 
ness in doing homework allows her more time to study and work on television sets. 


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IN COUNTRY FARM FRESHNESS | Geiger counter operation is explained to Helen by science teacher Harry Seiss. 
Produced daily in small batches. Packed in paraffin- | 90 pound, soft-voiced electronics whiz was so young when she began helping father 
coated, parchment-lined individual cartons. Rushed to | that she had to stand on a box to reach tools and switches on work-bench., 


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handles controls on Parker 





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| First dance Helen ever attended was weekly teen-age affair given at Moose Hall. 
| She was first Negro invited. Her partner is Howard Wilson. Ravenna is a small 
Distributed in Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Missouri & Kansas | town (10,000) with a small Negro population (400) according to 1950 census. 


42 Continued on Page 44 


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43 





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Practicing flute lessons, 
Helen fills in time between 
customers. Mathematical 
mind helped teen-ager to 
learn to read music easily. 


CUSTOMERS SAY THAT GIRL IS 
AS GOOD AS ADULT REPAIRMEN 


HE’S as good as any man,” exclaimed the astonished grey-haired 
man as Helen stepped back from the bright screen of his fully 

repaired TV set. Her fascination for her father is the chief reason 
she has become an expert practitioner of his hobby—electronics. 
| Employed as a stationary engineer at the Ravenna Arsenal until 
recently, Cleo Newman, a graduate of the DeVry Technical Institute 
|in Chicago, pursued electronics as a pastime before going into busi- 
| ness for himself. 
| Helen’s quick and curious mind soon enabled her to do much of 
her father’s work when his job at the Arsenal claimed much of his 
time. After the TV repair girl’s first job in a private home, she began 
to get more calls than Mr. Newman. 
| A top grade student at Ravenna High in mathematics and science, 
| Helen makes her urge to learn apparent. She studied typing at a 
downtown business school and learned to play the flute. 

According to her mother, Helen is indifferent to publicity. “She 
never reads anything that is printed about her,” sighs Mrs. Newman. 

Even in the presence of her family, Helen seems preoccupied. She 
often drops into a deep, moody silence as though her attention has 
| been captured by a nagging secret, then she comes out of it and rejoins 
| her family in conversation. 
| Her actions are often puzzling, though laudable. Recently she re- 
paired her favorite crystal radio set and gave it to an invalid white 
| man—quietly and without fanfare. She had no explanation for her 
| actions other than that she did it because she wanted to. 

Riding past the solemn, still campus of Kent State University re- 
cently, Helen said to her father, 

“I want to go to Kent State and study science.” 

Something is driving the young girl. Something drove George 
| Washington Carver—another moody scientist. 





B 


| 


Newman family relaxes at repair hoe. Helen, Mr. Newman, Margaret, Mrs. Newman 
| (1. to r.) spend more time at shop than home. Mrs. Newman runs appliance section. 











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45 





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4 
; 
; 


' Percival Borde, brilliant new dancing star, executes 
movement of Watusi dance at recent New York debut. 





Pearl Primus unveils new 
dancing star, Percival Borde 


¥ 


With mentor Pearl Primus at New York studio, Percival 
Borde outlines new dance (above). He directs tech- 


nique class (r.) as group goes through exercises. 


N 1953, when anthropologist-dancer Pear] 
Primus went to the West Indies to do folk- 
lore research, she made a find that was not 
on her scholarly itinerary. Chancing upon tall, 
handsome Percival Borde, an untutored dancer 
who moved with electric grace, she persuaded 
him to leave Trinidad and join her troupe. 

When Borde had completed his training and 
apprenticeship under Pearl Primus and had 
drawn warmly-enthusiastic notices for his 
appearances with the troupe, it was decided 
that he was ready to make his solo debut in 
New York. Dance critics are normally sharp 
and severe people, but Borde’s New York per- 
formances last fall brought forth a shower of 
superlatives from them. Time magazine called 
him “one of the U. S.’s most spectacular 
dancers.” 

“He has made me quite proud,” says mentor 
Pear] Primus. Emphasizing Borde’s artistic 
coming of age, she announced that hence- 
forth her dance group would be. called “Pearl 
Primus, Percival Borde and Company.” For 
the next two years, Pearl and Percival will 
divide their activities between U. S., Africa. 


Shango ritual in which assistance is asked for the sacri- 
fice is danced by Borde. Dance is called “Yanvaloo.” 


. 
: } . . 
As Aztec warrior, Percival dances legend of two volca- ree “Ibo” dance is performed by Percival. Dances 
noes, Pearl and Percival have made two national tours, choreographed by Pearl who also designed « 


Continued on Next Page 





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Percival teaches Pearl Primus dance technique to students at one of six classes 
held at the studio each week. Classes are limited to eleven persons. Percival 
and Pearl divide teaching assignments, 


also instruct groups of children. 


Demonstrating movement, lithe dancer leaps into air. He is folklore consultant 


to Dr. David Scanlon, director of the 


African Institute of Newark State 


Teachers College. He was. brought to America in 1953 by Pearl Primus. 


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An Ibibio mask from Nigeria is described by Pearl. She has large collection of Forest cabinet that takes no more room than an ordinary high 















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formances for his own amusement and that of his family and friends. 
As he grew older, he attached himself to various dance groups in Port- 
of-Spain, his hometown. eo... ee eS; sc odt ab ok eck 
Audiences in the United States and Europe have thrilled to his 
vivid dance characterizations of an Aztec warrior, a giant Watusi, a 
Yoruba chief and a priest in the spectacular “Earth Magician.” 
In action, Borde is an impressive figure, tall, lean, supple and the CITY of 
physically handsome. What makes him such an exception is his ability 
to combine great power and strength of movement with delicacy and MM [AMI . 
ease. Said Giornali Dell Mattins of Florence, Italy: “His impact upon 
the audience is so electric he seems to burst through the stage.” 





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Continued on Next Page Ag 











Demonstrating African dances at New York University, pair shares plat- 
form with Dr. Alpenfels. Pearl teaches anthropology at New York Uni- 
versity. She will complete requirements for Ph.D degree this year. 








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50 





Continued on Next Fage vf 





g 


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50 


Painting depicting an early horse show in Boone County, Mo., pictures fans gathered to watch Tom Bass (1.) and others ride Bass-trained horses. Tom trained Columbus, the 
dashing gray horse used by Buffalo Bill Cody for his dramatic circus entrances. Many Ringling Brothers’ circus equestrian stars also used his well-trained mounts. 





IMMORTAL SHOW HORSE TRAINER 


Forty years a horseman, Missouri's Tom Bass was called world’s greatest trainer 


HEN springtime comes, horsemen around the show circuits walk 

out their prize steeds and reach for their curry combs and brushes. 
The old-timers of the bit and saddle league like to recall the great 
horses and trainers of yesteryear. And when they do, most of them— 
especially those around Mexico, Missouri—look back to the early 1900's 
when Tom Bass was a living legend. They remember how the stately 
slave-born mulatto took cast-off horses, nursed and schooled them into 
beauties that won the eyes of such well-known fanciers as Calvin 
Coolidge, William Jennings Bryan, and Buffalo Bill. So grand was his 
work, the small Rebel-exposed town forgot its racial misgivings (where 
“Mr. Bass” was concerned), and allowed him to play an instrumental 
role in making Mexico the “Saddle Horse Capital of the World.” 

Modest Tom Bass knew little about his family background, and most 
of what he remembered of his childhood was bound up with horses. 
“I slept in the straw with them by choice,” he once recalled. “I saw that 
they weren't hungry or thirsty.” 

The property of one of Boone County’s wealthiest slave owners, 
young Tom was sent for training to one of Missouri's most highly- 
regarded horsemen. On reaching maturity, the young slave would be 
put in charge of the extensive Bass stables, but all this was changed 
with events of the Civil War. 


52 


Once free, Tom became a hotel bellboy, and spent most of his time 
within earshot of the constant horse jargon of local and visiting horse- 
men. Soon he was in the stable again, gradually working up to the 
training chores. But, because he was a beginner, he got the least de- 
sirable horses—the “using” horses which had become unruly through 
mishandling. 

Within several months, his gentility and know-how won him a repu- 
tation for being able to salvage horses other trainers dismissed as 
hopeless. In one instance a promising colt had panicked in a thunder- 
storm and run into the junction of a rail fence, embedding jagged frag- 
ments of wood into its neck and shoulder. As the horse was being 
carted away for destruction, Tom asked for it. By careful treatment, 
he saved the horse from permanent injury, trained the mane to fall over 
the injured side to hide disfiguring scars, and was winning ribbons 
with the horse a short time later. 

Wherever good horses were shown for the next forty years, Tom 
Bass was known as the world’s greatest show horse trainer. A list of 
his studies reads like the list of great horses, itself: Rex McDonald, 
Miss Rex, Forrest Squirrel, Jack O’Diamonds, Blue Eyes, and one of 
Tom’s last friends—Belle Beach, the world champion he trained to 
perform before royalty abroad. 











Pe i 
— _ 








Born a slave, Tom Bass began career as stable boy, became world-famous trainer of | 
fine show horses. Called “Mr. Bass” even by Rebel contemporaries, mulatto car- 
ried himself like a statesman, and, like his horses, was colorful, well-disciplined. | 


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Continued on Next Page 53 





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Continued on Page 56 





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Continued on Page 56 


AND THE GIFT OF BELLE BEACH 


IS WORK was horses, and Tom Bass loved his work. He had a 

particular fondness for Belle Beach, a world champion which 
| brought Tom to the top of his career. The prospect of owning Belle 
became an obsession with him, but the prized mare wore a high price 
tag. Tom could not purchase her, for though he earned good money, 
he was a poor financial manager. 

In time, though, Belle Beach, 24 years old and attached by the years 
to her trainer, was too proud to work and too old to perform—except 
for Tom. So the original owner, John Hook, let her go to the man who 
groomed her for greatness. 

On Saturdays in Mexico, anxious onlookers crowded the area of the 
Bass stable, and poured into the town square. They knew that some- 
time during the day the still flashy mare would come, bearing her tall 
| rider. Traffic and business would stop as the horse performed—less 
exquisitely than she did earlier in Madison Square Garden, or in the 
Academy Royal in Kansas City or before royalty abroad—but with 
pomp and obvious pride in the applause. 

Finally, the great black mare, which Tom had raised and finally 
_ come to own, died at the age of 29 in 1933, leaving her master lonely. 
The separation lasted only one year. 

In 1949, 15 years after Tom’s death, the 60th Missouri State Fair 
adopted a resolution honoring the work of the great horseman. There 
was justification in this—the modest, soft-spoken Missourian is credited 
with starting the American Royal Horse Show, a Kansas City event 
which is still a highlight of the year for horsemen. During the three 
| years in which he had a stable there, Tom supervised training the 
| city’s fire horses. They became so famous that they were invited to 
| compete in Europe, but there was no money to pay their passage. 
Furthermore, Tom was afraid of crossing the ocean. “I’m no sailor,” 
| he would say, “and my horses are worse.” 

At the time of Tom’s death, famed Westerner Will Rogers eulogized: 

“You all have seen society folk performing on a beautiful 3 or 5 
gaited horse and said, “My, what skill and patience it must have taken 
to train that animal.’ Well, all they did was ride them. All this Negro, 
| Tom Bass, did was train them. He trained thousands that others were 
applauded on. If Old St. Peter is as wise as we give him credit for 
being, Tom, he'll let you come in on horseback and give those folks up 
there a real show. And you'll get all the blue ribbons yourself.” 


TOM WAS HONORED BY STATE 








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| Bass portrait, held by nephew, V. H. Collins, is discussed with John Parks in 
Jefferson City. In his youth Parks worked in Bass’ stables, traveled the show 
84 PROOF - Fromm and Sichel, inc., sole distributors, New York, N.Y., Chicago, Ill., San Francisco, Calif. | circuit, recalls: “Whatever he said about horses everyone accepted as gospel.” 


56 





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HILDREN 
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German pair open ‘Brown Baby’ home 


N GERMANY, where many Negro soldiers do not know 

that they are fathers and where many mothers don’t dare 
acknowledge their brown babies, there are more than 
10,000 children that nobody wants. 

Young and yet old, the bitter fruit of war and American 
occupation, these children are shunted from institution to 
institution. Without homes, without friends, without 
mothers or fathers, they live from fight to fight, from fear to 
fear. Some, like little Fritz, (the name has been disguised ) 
find a foster home and then lose it. Fritz’ foster mother 
fought the hostile attitude of her countrymen as long as 
she could and then returned him to an orphanage. Others 
like Gerda live with their German mother and stepfather 
until it becomes necessary to “sacrifice” the brown child 
for family peace and harmony. All—almost without excep- 
tion—have known fear, hunger and the scorn of their play- 
mates and classmates. 

Recognizing the personal price that these children pay, 
Mrs. Irene Dilloo, the wife of a German pastor, started an 
international drive to get funds to erect a permanent home 
for brown babies. The great humanitarian, Dr. Albert 
Schweitzer, lent his name to the effort. Although the re- 
sponse has not been overwhelming, Mrs. Dilloo and her 
husband Josef opened a temporary home in an aban- 
doned camp near the town of Neu-Asel. Some 40 children, 
including a few whites, live at the home which is called 
the Dr. Albert Schweitzer Kinderheim. 

“Grandpa” and “Grandma” Dilloo are the founders, the 
soul and the spirit of the home. Mrs. Dilloo, 70, and her 
79-year-old husband, who is retired, have decided to dedi- 
cate the rest of their lives to the problems of brown babies. 
She says, “We want to try to amend for what these inno- Children of Negro GIs and German women surround Mrs. Irene Dilloo, founder of the Dr. Albert 
cent mulatto children had to suffer in their earliest youth Schweitzer Kinderheim. In background is picture of famous humanitarian for whom the school 
through lack of love, indifference and racial prejudice.” is named. Four white orphans also live at the home in the town of Neu-Asel in West Germany, 





Fs. J 


Ey 





a : 
aE 





Preparing for carnival, children and staff members practice on grounds of school. in newly-built Voehler elementary school, a half-hour walk from the Neu-Asel 
Dilloos pay 700 marks rent per month for two houses and two barracks which home, there are no racial or religious barriers. Dilloos say money, clothing, 
house children. The buildings above Lake Eder are in the middle of the woods. household equipment and cooking utensils are needed to keep the home going 


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I COULDN'T STOP 
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Fraulein Roswitha Niesing, one of teachers, chats with Renate and Gerhard. Some | 
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cared for by individual families. Most, however, are shunted from place to place. | 





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Children of all skin colors, sizes and disposition have found home at Schweitzer 
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Continued on Next Page 





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FIRE BUFFS 


Baltimore has only Negro volunteer unit 
that fights city fires as a part-time hobby 


T WAS bitter cold. Flame ate into the building. Fire Buff Chief Del- 
mar E. Davis dragged a hose to his mates on the roof. Coming down 
the ice-crusted ladder, his foot slipped and he slid 30 feet below, grip- 
ping the sides of the ladder. Unhurt, he remained on duty and helped 
the Baltimore regular Fire Department put out the blaze. 

Buff Chief Smith received no pay for his services. None of the seven 
fire-fighting members of Box S.H.C. are paid. The all-Negro auxiliary 
gets its name from the initials of its co-founders: James N. Smith, 
Arthur P. Hardy and Elbert C. Carter. The Buff (fan-club) unit was 
organized in 1949 by men who had served in a World War II civil 
defense fire fighting squad. 





They have fought some of Baltimore's biggest fires, including the 
waterfront holocaust on Boston Street and the Arundel Park blaze 
which took the lives of 11 white park-goers and seriously burned 100. 

Rope and ladder climbing, wall scaling, and fire extinguishing tech- 
niques are part of the rigorous training required of all Box S.H.C. mem- 
bers, excluding Buff Mascot, nine-year-old Zachary Kelly, and lone 
female member, Miss Thelma Williams. 

The buffs serve one day a week with the regular companies at Engine 
Houses 13 and 25, but every member responds when the duty man at 
the Box S.H.C. clubhouse sounds the alarm. They answered the second 
highest number of calls in 1957, making 768 runs compared to the top 
figure of 803 runs made by Baltimore’s Engine House 19. 

The tough and ready courage of the country’s only Negro Fire Buff 
group during the tragic Tru-Fit Clothes fire in 1952 (a falling wall 


killed 11 firemen) was a major factor in the acceptance of Negroes as 
I Riding out of Engine House No. 13 with driver Frank D. Fonte and regular member 
Jimmy Jones (extreme right), are Fire Buffs (fans) Arthur Hardy, Delmar E. Davis, 


regular, paid firemen in 1954. The Baltimore Fire Department now 
has more than 100 Negroes on its rolls. Walkie Tusher: 


Buffs fight fires without pay, only desire is to “help with job.” 


& a , 


Clubhouse meeting in basement of president James Smith is attended by Fire Buffs Box $.H.C. members Delmar Davis (standing, left to right), Arthur Hardy, H. Gibson 
E. Wilson. Seated are H. C. Walker, Smith, mascot Z. Kelly, Thelma Williams, Linda Scott (a guest), Walter Turner. All-Negro volunteer unit is nine years old 


Continued on Next Page 63 





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| Pioneer Box S.H.C. Buff Walter Turner, in full uniform, opens door of Engine House 
| No. 13. A mechanical shop instructor for over 20 years, Turner has clocked 589 


| fire-fighting hours, holds box S.H.C. record for unpaid blaze quenching time. 
f 


JOHNNY WONDERFUL 


Only woman Buff Thelma Williams, who 
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Angelic Fire Buff is Zachary Kelly, nine- 
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Buffs and regulars listen to Arthur Hardy as he discusses news. Box S.H.C. team 
sets stiff pace for prospective members. One candidate froze at top of 30 foot 
ladder during training exercises. He had to be coaxed down, was washed out. 


Continued on Page 66 





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, Time between fires and training is often spent watching Engine House TV svt. Men 
tof Box S.H.C. have admired firemen since childhood. Their own clubhouse is dec- 
orated with fire hats, hoses, and pieces of burnt equipment from other fires. 


i ae em 7 
idedid dedcatdaanate 


Fire Buff Walter T. Turner shakes hands with Lt. Edmund 
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Operation of water pump is demonstrated by Fire Department’s Lt. Edmund Bender | 
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Sliding pole technique is demonstrated by Lt. William Ben- 
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Continued on Next Page 67 








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Continued on Next Page 

































agar”. WLI a 
a 


Queen of Gospel calls her music 
UCC er LC 


CULM mL 


HE kitchen light framed her upswept hair 

as she walked through the darkened dining 
room into the giant-sized wall-to-wall carpeted 
living room. Her heavy body appeared tall as 
she stepped into the light. 

She was Mahalia Jackson, “The World's 
Greatest Gospel Singer,” an artist whose rec- 
ords have sold millions, guest star of the Ed 
Sullivan, Steve Allen, Bing Crosby’ and Dinah 
Shore TV shows, and a true believer in the 
Living God. 

Floor and table lamps ringed the room, yet 
the light was soft. Miss Jackson sat in a deli- 
cately upholstered chair beside a table of mir- 
rored glass. The wait had been short and she 
OM com sa ame Oh MC CMA artiteisi tod 
USTED CM Cc Momo tic merece) el 
saintly. She sighed and smiled, gesturing to 
an empty seat beside her. 

“You know,” her narrow eyes glinted; “a lot 
ONC Suce ee Curt OMe mala mea mises 
and other folks have taken it and made mil- 
lions. The white man wants to sing blues and 
jazz, and the Negro wants to sing opera.” 

Miss Jackson smiled again, excused herself 
PieM(ocmertcBue es Mecaraniitmrliiccm tcc mm aten 
a large glass of ice water. This was the woman 
whose income was $1 million in 1958. She has 
a five year Columbia Records contract. worth 


Continued on Next Page 








MAHALIA THE GREAT continued 


and her full 


movie screen during her singing role in St. Louis Blues. 


$50.000 a vear emotional features were shown on the 

| never, never thought that Gospel singing would be as popular 
is it is today.” She continued, “I just sang for myself, to please myself. 
There are so many fields that Negroes have created for themselves. 
Gospel singing is one of them. I tell young people starting out in life 
today, just go on and work and you'll find yourself. You'll be happy.” 

There is a depth about Mahalia Jackson that will fool you if you 
aren't careful. 

‘You know I don’t mind being analyzed, but some people are begin- 
ning to analyze me in a way I don't like. They are beginning to name 
my music. They call the Gospel, the slave's song of affliction—jazz.” 

She tried to hide it but a brim of water rose to the edges of her eyes, 
vet there were no dramatics, no theatrics and she did not try to wipe 
the tears away. She seemed not to notice. 

A man in 
California told me that and I asked him, “What do you know about 


Hs nisi , 


“Who are they to say that the Gospel came from jazz? 


California has been known to change a man into a movie star. 


“T have I played in St. Louis Blues 


no business acting theatrical 


but | didn’t go to see it. I don’t go to movie shows. Oh, don’t think Tf 


don’t know that people drink and cuss. But, you see, my songs aré 
something I live by, it’s like if I was thirsty, 'd drink a glass of water. 
they tipped their hats to me in California, and Dinah Shore is the 
realest person I know. She sent me six dozen roses when I went on 
the Bing Crosby show, and he came down off the stage and shook my 
You'd swear l was one of them Catho- 


hand when the show was over 


lic Saints.” 

Mahalia Jackson lived and suffered 
She has known death: Her 
She spent her childhood on the Mississippi River levee 
New Orleans 


white folks homes at 9 and 10 


all of man’s great tragedies. 


mother, Charity. died when she was six 


Poverty 


waterfront in “IT was washing and ironing clothes in 


| was working in a laundry at 12 and 
at 16 I was making $7.20 a week in a Chicago date factory.” 


Loneliness: “I started singing when I was a little girl. I sang because 


| was lonely. I never had a music lesson but I sang the songs of the 


Lord.” 


Mahalia Jackson has known fears. too: “I was scared to death when 


| first went to Carnegie Hall. I praved all night long. I had to pray so 


hard to get self confidence. I'd heard that it was such a great place 


because of Caruso, Robeson, Anderson and Lily Pons.” 


“IT walked into the TV station as an 


The arranger couldn't follow the song I was going to sing 


And she has been humiliated 
unknown 
He said that that wasn’t the way it was supposed to go, I told him 
flow can you tell me about that song when it was born in my mouth?’ 
He ridiculed me, talked really bad to me. but I said nothing. I answered 
him through my song.” 

The song was Nobody Knows The Trouble I See. 


The great woman has been happy: Her window had been broken by 


a pellet from the air rifle of a hostile neighbor in a predominantly white 


community. Her $40,000 home was a standout, but that did not matter, 
unti] Ed Murrow “had all those cameras, and lights and telephones out 





Bing Crosby treated Mahalia “like a saint” during his hour-long ABC-TV spectacular. 
Conductor Buddy Cole and Miss Jackson’s accompanist, Mildred Falls, watch pre- 


show duet between Gospel singer and Crosby. Mahalia once starred in own TV show. 


70 


So many mothers advise — 


| 





Presenting doll to Queen of Gospel Singers at a Salute To Mahalia Jackson dinner 
it Morrison Hotel, Chicago, is young admirer, Rachel Lois Washington. Nine-year- 


ld gave doll to Miss Jackson because she never owned one as youngster in the South 





Newport Jazz Festival fans sat in stunned silence as Mahalia invaded the “Master 
Lair” of jazz lovers with songs of the Gospel. Duke Ellington’s is first jazz band 
ever to accompany her. Mahalia sang at local church the following Sunday. 








| 


Mahalia moves 27,000 pilgrims pressing for civil rights at 1957 Washington, D. C. 
Prayer Pilgrimage. Her rendition of I Been “Buked brought tears to the eyes of 
many a hardened fighter for the cause. She is fiercely proud of her ancestry. 





1955, was heralded as great victory for Mahalia, but ten years before festival “dis- 
covery,” she had filled huge Soldier’s Field more than once with Gospel adherents 


Continued on Next Page 





Mahalia ¥, 

belongs * ; 

to ‘ 
everyone _ 


J a m ™~ 








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| body, but she became a nurse of the soul. 
a soul-spirit. 





Harry Belafonte entertains Mahalia during visit to her home. Great friends and 
admirers of each other’s talent, they rate among world’s best known folk singers. 
European critics have called Mahalia Jackson the greatest folk singer of all time. 


MAHALIA THE GREAT continued 


there. There were about 3,000 people in the streets in front of my 
house. A group came to my house and asked if there was anything 


they could do to help. I said I would love to have all the children they 
could find. I wanted them to be on the TV show. 
them up, white and colored, and they 
derful time.” Her whole face smiled. 
thing-Gumbo, red beans . . 
neighbors, everybody.” 

Mahalia Jackson walks through life’s extremes with the supreme 
confidence of a devout Christian. 

“When these people come to me talking about making a movie of 
my life, and putting me on television, and making records and all that, 
I don't get excited and start acting all drawn up and nervous. I just 
put it in the Lord’s hands and let Him guide me through. He always 
does, so I don’t have to worry.” 

Her voice takes on the sound of the evangelist when she talks about 
God and what He means to her. 

“When I'm in despair, I always sing Move On Up A Little Higher. 
The Lord told me—and her face tells you that without a doubt He did— 
“that He was going to lift me up on a rock whenever I’m in despair. 
I don’t sing a song unless I can lift myself up in the song. It is the 
staff of my life, my hope and salvation. My songs, honest, are a reality. 


Their mothers dressed 
all came, and we had a won- 
“I cooked up a Louisiana Every- 
We all ate, children, 


rice. cameramen, 


| I wish I could tell the world what the power of the Gospel has done for 
| Mahalia.” 


Mahalia Jackson has been singing the Gospel for more than 30 years. 


| When her singing couldn’t feed her, she worked in factories, scrubbed 
| floors and curled hair. 


At one time she wanted to be a nurse of the 
And she says her music has 


She is the church-singer for the millions of unimportant cotton- 
pickers and punch-press operators of America who seek freedom as 


| the Bible tells of it and sing of it in the fields and factories. 


At a recent performance in California she drew only 1,000 people less 
than the world renown operatic star Maria Callas—and with no advance 
publicity. She has sung in London’s famed Albert Hall and by the 
banks of the River Thames while Britain’s Royal Guard stood at atten- 
tion. Seven years has been the length of time that she has been in the 
eye of the American public, but she has been in the bosom of her 
people since she first caught the ear of a Chicago Baptist choir director 


| 30 years ago. 


She has a temper, too. Once she told a brash white Chicagoan: 
“I was singing in Europe, to a full house, and you didn’t even know me 
on the North side.” 

Mahalia learned early in life to place her allegiance with the poorly 
dressed, the uneducated, the foot-patters, the shouters and the Holy- 
rollers, who, Sunday after Sunday, in town after town crowded into 


Continued on Page 74 








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$40,000 home of Mahalia Jackson in previously all-white Chicago neighborhood was 
|guarded by police against irate neighbors shortly after she moved in. Singer 
lenenained by hosting children of both races during Ed Murrow TV interview there. 


© | MAHALIA THE GREAT continsee 


their churches, store fronts and re-converted synagogues to hear her 
|| sing. Her voice was a voice they knew, and her life was one they re- 
_|spected. She was their ideal. 

| Mahalia Jackson takes the cry of the people and sings it back to 
'|them. She fills herself with her faith and pours it into those who 
believe in God, those who believe in man and those who believe in 
|| neither God nor man. 





No sensitive man can escape the life cry in her song, or the intensity 
of her belief. No intellectual can fail to note the scope of her philosophy 
|and the implications of her love for “the littlest one, the humblest.” 
| Mahalia Jackson’s growing influence derives partly from her unbe- 
|lievable absence of cynicism in a satellite-circled world, her pride in 
| her race, and her 24-hour-a-day humility. 

The critics have tried to look around the corners of Mahalia Jackson, 
to see what she is “really” like, but they are more confused than amazed 
| to find a non-drinker in a jazz-movie, who doesn’t even attend movies, 
whose fame is a gift which the deep, dark woman seems determined 
to use for the sake of her belief in God and man. 

“Td like to have a television show where I could bring to light, all 
the great undiscovered talent that there is in the churches. Id like to 
| present it in its natural state, the churches, the choirs. 

“If the world could only hear the power behind the choirs, behind 
| the pulpit. That’s the message the world needs to hear . . . the Gos- 


| pel, love. 


| 
| 
i 
| 
| 
| 
| 
| 


| 
| 


“You know, the people in Europe think the Gospel is the only real 
American music. They told me that I hadn't taken their songs and 
brought them back to Europe—Americanized. And some Negroes talk 
about “Don't be stereotyped!” 

Mahalia’s unpretentious, folksy manner of speech has caused some 
discomfort among many Negroes who are unduly concerned about 
| the race’s foot being forever forward. She recounted an interesting 











source of strength. She still sings at Chicago’s Greater Salem Baptist Church 
where she got start as a Gospel singer. She has packed Carnegie Hall eight times. 





Continued on Page 76 





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/example. “A real important Negro told me once, “Mahalia, you are 
talking better on TV than you used to.’” And Mahalia who believes 
that the important thing is what you say, not how you say it, eased a 
sharp edge onto her voice as she described her sarcastic reply. “I 
looked at that man and said, ‘Oh, am I?” 

Her favorite songs? “It depends on the mood I’m in. I like Just As 
I Am, I'd Rather Have Jesus Than Silver And Gold, and Move On Up 
A Little Higher.” 

Famous Audiences? “Well there’s Mamie Eisenhower, and Mrs. 
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Self-conscious Negroes would find the following Mahalia-ism contro- | 
versial: And | 
“White people just don’t clap in time 


“Negroes have a natural talent for dancing and singing.” 
sensitive whites, the following: 


‘ . ‘ ‘ ‘ : | 
with my singing. I tell them, Honey, I know you enjoying yourself, but | 
| don’t clap along with me.’” 





Mahalia grew serious again when the subject of gospel-tinged | 
rock * “I think they ought to stop them from | 
making popular songs out of Gospel music the way they stopped them | 
from ruining The Star Spangled Banner, No matter how low a man is, | 
he wants something to look up to. It’s sacrilegious.” 

Miss Mahalia Jackson is the symbol of a spirit. She is restless and 
she is calm like the shifting spirit that is causing nations to change, | 
and dark people to aim higher than the pot of beans and a soft bed. 
She expressed this spirit no better than when she told the story of her 
first stay at a luxury hotel. 

“It was the Berkshire on 52nd and Madison in New York. Honey 
when I stepped in there, it was like a castle. 1 mean the walls, the 
rugs, the furniture, the paintings. ‘Well! I thought | 
about those young girls in the South with their starched dresses. Just | 
as happy as they could be. They never had nothing. Never saw noth- | 
|ing. Never knew nothing about all this. I said, “No wonder these 
Honey I didn’t want to go back to those starched 


n’ roll music came up. 


I said to my self, 


people strive so hard.’ 
dresses. I was ready to move on up and stay there. Once I saw what 
was to be had, there was no turning back.” 

To But to move on up to the top with a 
trail of uplifted admirers behind instead of the corpses of stepped-on | 
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CANADIAN 
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Negro is country’s top distributor 


OR over 50,000 fugitive slaves who travelled the pre- 

Civil War Underground Railroad northward, Canada 
was the promised land of liberty where slavery was illegal 
For W. S. Richardson, a resourceful and eager young man 
from Donora, Pa., migration to Toronto, Canada, ten years 
ago proved the most important move of his entire life 

Richardson has good reason to consider Canada a land 
of great opportunity. Eight years ago, he was supporting 
a wife and two children with meager earnings from a pre- 
carious door-to-door handbill distributing business. A $500 
bank loan enabled him to form his own company, Wayne 
Distributors and Advertisers, Ltd., which in seven booming 
years has advanced to unquestioned leadership of th 
country’s distributing business. The firm has outstripped 
its competitors so decisively that its 1958 income will be 
almost $500,000. Employing a full-time staff of 18 who 
direct distributing operations by a radio-dispatched fleet 
of 13 trucks and two station wagons, Wayne Distributors 


and Advertisers, Ltd., confidently expects within two years 


to double its gross income 





i Wavnes president incl founder, W » Richardson 2 
; sigs edged his way into the Canadian distributing business 
Richardson brothers, W. S., Garrett and B. E., discuss Toronto, Canada, business picture. W. S. . 
; phe : : ; - through a series of crucial moves dictated by health and 
and Garrett operate distributing company. B. E. moved to Toronto in 1955, owns service station. 


family circumstances. His connections with Canada began 
with marriage in 1946 to attractive Amy Gairey, a Toronto- 
born girl whom he met in New York. The couple moved 
to Richardson’s hometown. Donora, Pa., where Richardson 
worked in his father’s trucking business until air pollution 
in 1948 so affected his wife's health that she was comps lled 
to return to Toronto. Richardson joined her there 

Ric hardson S ¢ arly ( \pt rience in the distributing busing SS 
was gained while working first as a binder for a printing 
company and later as bindery foreman at a Toronto print- 
ing company. When he was refused a $5 raise he quit his 
job, sold his car, bought a used half-ton truck and began 
distributing handbills as a sub-contractor for another firm 
He then struck out on his own. 

For nearly two vears, he ran the business alone 1 
1954. he sent for his older brother, Garrett, who is now 
general manager of the company. 

“Canada has been good to me,” W. S. Richardson says 
“Comparative freedom from racial discrimination and 
pre judice has permitted me to have a kind of happines 
I never knew betore. | hope to become a citizen of Can 


ada in 1959 because I firmly believe a man should be 


i i 


citizen of a country in which he plans to live permanenth 









Firm president, \\ 


S. Richardson (1.), gives instructions to group of distributors. Company has 
accounts for all of Toronto’s shopping plazas. Distributor (1 





makes door-to-door deliveries. 


Continued on Next Page 77 








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Visiting one of his clients at Toronto clothing store, Richardson maps distribution 
campaign, decides on area to be covered. To Richardson, handbill distribution 
is an art and a science. “Volume with efficiency,” he says proudly, “is our motto.” 






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Chief mechanic, Ken 
Bennett, reports to 
Richardson on servic- 
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cles. Bennett is in 
charge of all mechan- 
ical work. Richardson 
works full days, starts 


at 7 a.m., often enter- 


| 


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Perma-Strate is wonderful 
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Supervisors meeting is addressed by Chief Supervisor Henry Barboie, a Canadian- 
born Negro. Company has interracial staff, weekly payroll of $4,700, Richardson 
plans to open branches in major Canadian cities, has affiliated company in Montreal. 


Perma-Strate is the original and 
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4 . ° : ° : - , , aka alfuway y sac ey 4 _ 
In field, supervisor Barboie receives instructions from office over radio telephone why take half-way measures? Have 


Yes, | prefer Perma-Strate 
Among company’s customers are Woolworth Stores, National Furniture Retailers natural-looking straight hair this very says beautiful Ruth Brown 
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Paying distributors at 
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player and father of 














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Continued on Next Page 79 








OT CT 
OT ae 


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s 
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|. At meeting of Toronto Parkdale Lions Club, W. S. Richardson sits at officers’ table. 


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TM GLAD MY DAUGHTER'S TEACHER IS A NEGRO’ 


Missouri mother tells how pupil, teacher integration has worked in a rural area school 
By SUE MEYERS GERARD 


ANCY and Walter leaned over my shoulder as I typed the title above. 
“What does N-E-G-R-O spell?” the second grade boy asked. 

“Negro.” 

“Why are you glad Mrs. Coleman is a Negro?” he asked. 

I leaned back and tried to compose my 44 years of attitudes into a single 
thought. 

“Well,” I began, “when I was a little girl like Nancy, people around here 
thought that those who happened to be born with white skin were better 
than those who were born with dark skin. And now, with our new school 
and Mrs. Coleman as one of the teachers, you children know that being 
‘better’ has nothing to do with height or weight or the color of a person’s skin.” 

They agreed and scooted off to play. They haven't experienced prejudice. 

Nancy is a fourth grader in Mrs. Eva Coleman’s room at New Haven 
School; Walter will be her pupil next vear. In the day by day experiences 
on the playground, in the classroom, in the cafeteria, on the school bus— 
my children make no racial distinctions. 

Mrs. Lucy Douglas, principal of New Haven, is not aware of differences, 
in many ways. After she picked the characters for a school play, someone 
pointed out that her “typical family” could not have happened: she had 
chosen white parents with four white children and one Negro child. The 
principal had not even noticed. 





How different it was when I was a child! "he 
No one taught me that I was better than others because I was white, but we : ; 
™ i 5 
Negro teacher, Eva Coleman, reviews schoolwork of happy fourth-grader Nancy Gerard, The author, Sue Meyers Gerard, 44, of southerly Columbia, Mo., teaches at 
9, daughter of the author, at recently-integrated New Haven School, Columbia, Mo Christian College (for white women ), is shown with Nancy and son Walter, 8 





a 
ed 
a 


A 


- 





Grade school performance for Parent-Teachers Association at New Haven School uses full integration principle throughout. In one school play, Principal Lucy Dougla 
some comments that pupils she chose for the play’s “typical” family were not quite typical. The “family” had white parents, four white children, and one Negro child 


Continued on Next Page 83 








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Se 
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MY DAUGHTER'S TEACHER continues 


| friends. I remember the uneasy hush and the whispering behind hands | 
| when Annie Williams came through the house to pay her respects at | 
_ the time of my Mother's death. I was proud that she wanted to come. 
| Henry and Annie and their children were respected Negro neighbors | 


j 
| 
| 
i 
| 


| well, but I accepted the fact of a lynching in our county in the 20's. | 


| 


| the pool. 


| 


| able to the inner 
| Red Cross Life Saving in spite of the fact that some were Negro fellows 


| pies. To my delight she'd scream and run from me; I'd make her climb 


who worked for us from time to time. 
| His little girl and mine are good friends, now, in fourth grade; his son, | 
| Edward, is the newly elected basketball captain at New Haven School. 







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| Arthur to drive the dairy truck, carrying money and transacting busi- 


ness with our customers. But the customers knew and respected Arthur. | 


Yes, there were conflicts in my thinking. I liked the Negroes I knew | | Coms and Callouses 
I first began to see the Negro in a new light when I worked in Flint, | litt Right Out i 
5 


Michigan, during World War Il. Employed to teach swimming, I 
| reported for work one Monday and was horrified to see as many Negro | 
| children in the pool as whites. That night I told my husband, “Ill| 
| just resign and forget the whole thing.” 

But I didn’t sleep much that night for I had discovered a new “me” 
which I did not like. I was ashamed of my Little Dixie attitude, so 
| I said at breakfast, “I'll take the job, but I'll never get in that water.” 

This didn’t work, though, for I teach more effectively when I'm in 
So when an eager child would yell, “Look, ['m swimming!” 
I'd glow with pride regardless of his color. 


Riding to school, Nancy and Betty Williams laugh it up. Nancy’s mother remembers 
when “We were not concerned that Negro children walked several miles to school.” 





took it for granted that the white farm hands ate with us in the dining 
room while the Negroes ate on the back porch. We were not concerned 
that Negro children walked several miles to school and white chil-|- 
dren’s schools were spaced more conveniently. We gave our worn out | 
clothing to Negro families and our dilapidated piano to the Negro | 
church, feeling a bit noble for having done so. 

We liked our Negro neighbors, though. They were good natured | 
and kind. Ida Johnson, for instance! I'd chase Ida with live ground pup- | 















| trees, step in mud puddles or do anything I commanded, for she didn’t | 
| want that wiggly lizard-like thing down her neck. A white girl would | 
| have gotten even, but not Ida. 

My parents were more considerate of the Negroes than some of our | 





Their son, George, was my age. | 


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3efore the end of that season, my attitudes were completely accept- 


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Hon 


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MY DAUGHTER'S TEACHER continued 


larger than I. In the course, I had had to grab each student in a strangle | 
hold and hang on while he took me under water to release my grasp. | 
Few of my rural Missouri neighbors have faced the race situation | 


so personally. All our concepts of brotherhood were focused three 
years ago, however, when we combined the district’s five one-room, 
one-teacher country schools into one modern elementary unit. 

Ground had been broken when, on a night just like all other Parent- 
Teacher nights, an unidentified man spoke from the back of our 
crowded schoolroom. “Madam president, I realize that having the new 


school means taking in Grindstone Colored, but whose idea is it to 


hire that Negro teacher?” 

The president cleared her throat but had not found words when 
Herald G. Barnes, chairman of the school board, asked for permission 
to answer the question. “As you know,” “we shall 
be in our new building in September. Four other schools and their four 
teachers will join us in a sincere effort to make this the finest possible 
school for all of the children in our community. 
of our having hired a Negro teacher. Mrs. Eva Coleman has been our 
employe for twelve years. She is a qualified, capable and intelligent 
woman. There is every reason to believe that she will continue to serve 
our district well.” 

Mr. Barnes sat down, 


he said pleasantly, 


It is not a question 


eased. 

I had met Eva Coleman when my husband was a member of the 
district school board. He and the Barneses were attending the Christmas 
program at Grindstone Colored so the children and I went along. 

Mrs. Coleman received us graciously and then began the program. 
“Christmas has come to have a two-fold meaning—the 
Christmas with Santa and the tinsel and the religious celebration of 
the birth of Our Lord. We shall observe both aspects of the holiday 
season this afternoon.” 


the tension 


‘commercial’ 


As the children took turns with songs and speeches my mind wan- 
dered around the group. if Nancy and Walter were 
bothered by their being the only white children in the room. I broke 
out in goose — when I spied a Santa Claus with a brown face. 

Just then 
comment of the day: 
school has black hair.” 

The second part of Mrs. Coleman’s program began with the lighting 
of a cardboard box créche in one corner of the room. 


I wondered 


Nancy nudged me and whispered the only memorable 


“Mother, child 


did you notice? Every in this 


Shepherds and 
wise men and camels were made of rolled newspapers, painted and 
dressed. Soloists took turns kneeling at the nativity scene, 
obligatos as the other children chanted the beautiful Christmas hymns. 

That was the day I began to appreciate and admire the resource- 
fulness, intelligence and integrity of the woman who is my child’s 
teacher today. 

Yes, 


singing 


I'm glad Nancy’s teacher is a Negro. When the new school 


opened, there was not enough money for new furniture and equipment. | 


So on moving day, parents and board members took their trucks to 


the five one-room schools and loaded whatever desks and books were | 


worth the hauling. The conglomeration of misfit furniture was a 
staggering sight as it was stacked outside our beautiful new building. 
Mrs. Coleman and the four white teachers found their assigned 


and desks in. 


rooms and the men started carrying the boxes 





Lunch is integrated too. Nancy’s mother reviews her childhood: “We took it for 


granted that white farm hands ate in the dining room, Negroes on the back porch,” | 


Continued on Next Page 


Negro | 


Continued on Next Page 


| 


_ Put love and 


ROMANCE 
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a a 
School committee hears 
Mrs. Gerard (pointing) 
encourage “gradual and 
continuing approach to 
equal rights,” discourage 
“leaps and bounds.” Her 
husband is at the right. 


Negro builders Forest (|. ) 
and Osborn Warren were 
among volunteers who 
helped put Boone Coun- 
ty’s five one-room, one- 
teacher schools into new 
building three years ago. 


MY DAUGHTER'S TEACHER continued 


parents gravitated to Mrs. Coleman’s room to try to bring order out 
of the confusion. Others who stopped in her third and fourth grade 
| room would invariably comment on the attractive new electric clock 
| on the wall. With a note of sadness, Mrs. Coleman eyed the clock 
| and said, “The ladies of our Grindstone PTA gave it to me; it’s probably 
the last thing theyll do as a group.” 


And there was a climate of gloom in the room as Negro mothers 
arranged books on the shelves. They silently faced the reality of their 
| children being scattered among the various teachers instead of being 
| with the one they knew and loved. 
Negro parents now play an important role in our Parent-Teacher 
group. It was my childhood neighbor, George Williams, with his infec- 
| tious smile and good-natured kidding, who set the mood for generous 
spending in our Country Carnival which netted over $500 in one 
evening. Mrs. Coleman’s husband, The Rev. Frank H. Coleman, pastor 
|of the second Christian Church of Columbia, Missouri, opens our 


| 
| 
| 


/meetings with a prayer. He is the treasurer, as well. 

Sometimes I wonder if my reasons for being glad that Nancy’s 
teacher is a Negro might be distorted because Mrs. Coleman is a 
| remarkable person. And then I recall having thought this about a 
| number of other Negroes I have known—playground leaders, Y.W.C.A. 
| teachers in Michigan, a Negro coach and his wife and others. 

I first learned of the resourcefulness of Negro people from a craft 
| leader. A donor gave us several rolls of buckram, a stiff fabric used 
| in making hats. I went from one playground to another vainly trying 
| to give the stuff away. The Negro leader, a graduate of Lincoln Uni- 
| versity, said, “How nice! I don’t know what we'll do with it, but we're 
certainly glad to get it.” 

I secretly hoped she'd burn it. But no. The next week she called to 
ask, “Could we please have some more buckram? We're out already 
and the children want to make more things.” 

It is like that with Eva Coleman. I asked what I could do to help 
| her and she said, “Send me things you're tempted to throw away. We 
| just might be able to use them.” So I sent a real white elephant—some 
| narrow paper strips, in rolls, that must have been ticker tapes. The 





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Husband of Negro teacher 
and treasurer of parent- 
teachers group, the Rev. 
Frank H. Coleman 
(above), makes monthly 
financial report, opens 





PTA meetings with prayer. 


After meeting, Mrs. Gerard 
discusses problems of new 
school program with 
Herald G. Barnes, for- 
mer school board chair- 
man. Her family fosters 
brotherhood through 


example-setting ways. 


next time I visited the school, a track meet was in progress and runners Really clean! Really bright! 

were throwing their arms high and speeding through those tapes, the 

finish line markers, like champions. | Discover what really clean, bright skin can do 
Another characteristic I like about Negro people is their frankness. | fot your complexion! See how much more 

If a child is lazy, or slow to learn or off key in his singing, Mrs. Coleman radiant and lovely your skin appears when 


f } ; 
sack ea 
“No,” Mrs. Coleman explained frankly, “it happens all of the time.” and removes foreign matter and stale cosmetics 
That's the kind of frankness I appreciate for it is a springboard from | that dull complexions and encourage i 
which I can help my children become better members of society. blemishes. Try /anolin-enriched Deep Down for 
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Nancy is learning naturally and gradually to respect the intelligence clearer, younger looking skin. $1.50 Cc it 
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I was visiting the playground one day and my child was being a bit | Deep Down’s cleansing action penetrates 


of a show-off. “Just cutting up because I’m here,” I said. deep down into your pores. Gently loosens 


rer eee 


of Negro people. She is beginning to feel pride in doing good hard 


work. Recently she did the week’s family washing almost without 


a 
help, when I was ill. The Negroes I have known have been hard rs - 
workers. Few have forgotten that Ev Warren and his boys could cut 

more corn in a day than twice as many white men could have cut. =, 
Mrs. Coleman is getting through to Nancy the fact that school is serious 


s 7 : ae B f amous I 
business. She is helping her attack difficult tasks and stay at her work 


H. art ¢ A i ¢ 
in spite of temptations to take some easier way out. leep down VUake-up shad ficall) 


And Mrs. Coleman has motivated her students to be intellectually ’ 





curious. We've had more “experiments” with vinegar and soda and Cleansing Lotion FREE Color-Keved Make-Up C 
water than I care to tabulate in this month’s grocery budget. Nancy ;' il coupor 
7 - : Sold nationally by Lucky Heart Representatives H se atl 
also has a new healthy respect for good books and Bible study. Bc ( a ae S he s 
1 ; E . ti Yept. C, Memphis 2, Tenn 
The Negroes I have known have had a warm feeling for children; | 
children have liked them, too. Last summer when Nancy went to| 
; : Gals s , LUCKY 2A ‘OSMETICS, Dept. C, Mempnis 2, TENN 
Campfire Girls’ camp 100 miles from home it was the craft leader, | Lucky Heart Cosmetics, oes’ es S te GE 
oe CC , : 3 ; . . | [] Please send me a full-size bottle of Deep Down prepaid on Free ‘Trial Plan 
Mrs. Coleman, who comforted her through a bit of homesickness. | 1 enclose $1.50. I understand I may return the Deep Down for full refund for 
It would be shortsighted for me to omit the fact that bringing the | if I am not pleased. 
races together in the school has created problems. When eighth} Name — a a 
graders take their annual trip to the state capitol, there is no restaurant} address a ‘ 
where they may all eat together so they take sack lunches for the City Sense 
> ir > Co ow 2 —— Se 
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handled wisely because both races are on New Haven’s staff. | 1959 Lucky Heart Cosmetics, Memphis, Tenn 
Continued on Next Page 87 








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MY DAUGHTER’S TEACHER continued 


School friendships sometimes extend into our personal lives and I 
often do not know what is a wise course of action. Last summer during 


| : . . 
a long vacation trip, Walter announced that he wanted to stop and buy 


some picture postcards for his girl friends. “Just how many girl friends 
do you have, anyway?,” I teased. 

“Well, there’s Jane and Ann and Sissie and Arlene. I like Arlene 
the best. I gripped the steering wheel] tightly and 
said nothing; Arlene was the one Negro girl on his list. 


I kissed her once.” 


My husband and I choose to champion the cause of brotherhood in 
quiet, example-setting ways. We believe that in some ways we might 
. . | 

do more harm to the cause if we pressed too far, too fast. We have | 


| sat at no lunch counters to force service to Negroes, but we believe in | 
| the right for all to be served. 


We encourage the gradual and continuing approach to equal rights | 


in the belief that we would lose ground to try to go by leaps and} 


bounds. There was no fanfare, for example, three years ago when, as | 
chairman of the board of our country church, Mr. Gerard helped gain | 


| approval for the first invitation to “all of the children in the com-| 


| the school. 


| school board at the time and I helped with publicity and transportation 
| to the voting place. 


that finally brought our five schools under one roof. He served on the 


munity” to attend Vacation Bible school. Seven Negro children came. 
Last year there were 14. Mrs. Coleman helped train the lay leaders 
and some of the parents helped with the supervision and expense of 


My husband and I worked together for the passage of the bond issue 


We have seen progress in our community and we are pleased with | 
the part that our daughter's teacher has had in making New Haven a| 


| fine school. 


| teacher, but she has come through them with the admiration of stu- | 








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i oa A a 


The past three years must have been difficult for our lone Negro | 


dents, parents and all who know her. I am appalled that she has the | 
tolerance to accept us—the white parents and students—without regard | 


to our race, creed, or color. 
And I am thankful that, through her, my children will be spared the | 

agonizing conflict between custom and conscience that has been mine. 
That's why I'm glad Nancy’s teacher is a Negro. 








At play, as at work, children at New Haven School are given no racial distinctions. | 
By working and playing together, says author Gerard, children learn that “being 
‘better’ has nothing to do with height or weight or the color of a person’s skin.” 


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Man at work is Hal DeWindt with cover girl, Helen Williams. Pho- 
tographer Karen Radki adjusts Helen’s gown during modeling job 
for Simplicity Patterns. Hal (r.) is top Negro male model. 


MALE MODELS 


Career is glamorous but still limited 


ROWN and beautiful with oriental eyes looking deeply into yours, 

she lets you hold her in your arms and she lingers there . . . wait- 
ing. You wait, lights flash, and in the shadows of the room, photogra- 
phers are taking your picture. You stand, brush off your $150 suit, 
and walk to the front office to pick up your pay. 

This is the life of the Negro male model. He gets paid as much as 
$35 an hour for posing for advertisements, confession magazines, Negro 
periodicals, and newsreel advertisements. His face graces billboards 
and magazines in every major city in America. 

The 12 most glamorous Negro male models range in age from 
24 to 54, and the gold lamé dinner jackets, silk suits, red sports coats, 
cuffless slacks, alligator shoes and bowler hats they wear this month 
determine what the man-on-the-go will wear next month. Right now, 
the market for Negro models is limited primarily to Negro media, thus 
there are no Negro men earning a living exclusively as models. 

Most successful Negro male model is Hal DeWindt, 25, six feet of 
near-perfect, masculine beauty, who derives one-third of his income 
from modeling. The remaining two-thirds of Hal’s income comes from 
television appearances on such shows as Studio One, Kraft Theater and 
Playhouse 90. 


BERNIE HAMILTON 





Model’s reference sheet, like Bernie Hamilton’s, contains photographs on front and # 
biographical data on back to help employers determine his experience, abilities. a Se 


Continued on Next Page 89 





—_> 
Lover of beautiful wom- 


en in confession story 
illustrations, Leo De- 
LaCerna (r.) is a full- 
time floral designer in 
Chicago. He wishes 
“there were more open- 
ings so I could quit this 
hard job and make 


some easy money.” 


<_ 


Pioneer model is distin- 
guished-looking Harold 
Jackman (1.). Recip- 
ient of fan mail from 
world-over, he started 
modeling while a col- 
lege student 12 years 
ago, usually de picts 
dentist, doctor, lawyer 


or business executive 





Born in South America, model- 
actor Jorge Ben-hur earned $55 
per hour while modeling in Mex- 
ico City. He considers job as 
Negro male model a rewarding 
experience. A bachelor, Jorge, 
26, is presently performing in 
Broadway hit, World Of Suzie 
Wong. Versatile six-footer is also 





a_ skilled maker of jewelry. 





Brandiord Brothers view each other with amusement from 
Yogi-type positions. George (1.) is a male model instruc- 
tor at the Ophelia DeVore School, Walter is part owner of 


a travel agency. New Yorkers often mode] men’s fashions. 








a 


Watking toward shooting site, Hal DeWindt accompanies photographer Herbert Loebel on men’s fashion assignment. Near plane (c.), Hal joins model Bob Carey and EBony 
fashion coordinator DeVera Edwards. After assignment, models wash up in men’s lounge in Pan American Airlines hangar, answer questions of an interested worker (1.). 


90 Continued on Page 92 





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Rugged Mid-Westerner 
Walter Brown (top 1), 
supports family on income 
as salesman for P. Loril- 
lard Tobacco Co. Chica- 
goan’s good looks and 
timber-tallness (6'3”) 
have garnered him madel 
jobs for confession maga- 
zines, commercial ads. 
Walter’s love scenes have 
caused some minor diffi- 
culties at home, but he 


} nevertheless pursues his 


| chosen profession with 


courage (top r.) and the 
| determination of a true 


| 
| 
| 





male model (r.). 


Flowers are the business 
of Carleton Hamilton, 
part owner of a Chicago 
floral shop (top l.), ele- 
mentary school teacher 
and owner of the Hamil- 
ton Modeling and Finish- 
ing School. Now 26, he 
is presently on leave from 
his teaching job. Carleton 
wants to model for the 
nation’s top men’s maga- 
zines. And to think he gets 
paid for his “work” (1.). 


Continued on Page 94 
















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Othello, the Moor, is only 
one of the roles talented 
Bernie Hamilton has 
played during his 15 years 
as an actor. Parts in No 
Time For Sergeants, The 
Jackie Robinson Story, and 
Bright Victory augment 
the 
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JEALOUSY, WEIGHT, PREJUDICE 


REATEST dangers faced by the 12 top Negro male models are: 

jealousy, overweight, and prejudice. Of jealousy, Hal DeWindt 
says, “My wife is understanding and not jealous by nature. Being a 
professional herself helps her to be objective about fan mail and the 
admiration expressed by women who attend fashion shows in which I 
participate.” Recipient of an average of 50 romantic letters a month, 
Hal is married to ballet dancer, Violet, and is the father of a young son. 

Like the majority of professional male models in New York City, 
'the dapper graduate of College of City of New York is represented 
| by the Grace Del Marco Agency. Although top man in the modeling 
| field, Hal's burning ambition is to be a recognized actor. His ideal 





| performer is Sidney Poitier who not only inspires Hal, but finds time 
|to help him master the techniques of the profession. 

Harold Jackman, a teacher of social studies in a New York City 
Junior High School and Carleton Hamilton, an elementary school 


teacher in Chicago guard against the bulging tummy by controlling 
|| their diets. Explains Harold, “If my clothes feel tight, I stay on a high 





Handsome, stern-faced 
Charles Hines works reg- 
ularly as a clerk at the 
Cook County Jail in Chi- 
cago. In his spare time he 
is building a career as a 
model. He has appeared in 
ads and in Tan magazine, 
where he usually portrays 
a tender lover (below). 
An ex-Marine, Hines is 
president of the Oxford 
Social Club. Hines also 
has _ political ambitions. 


ARE DANGERS FACING MODELS 


protein diet until I am comfortable in them.” Carleton restricts his | 
consumption of sweets and beverages. Buddy Walker eats what he 
wants to, and burns up fat by directing his orchestra. Donald Ramsey 
swims, and boxes (he is the Ohio middleweight AAU champion!), and 
Hal is a semi-pro baseball and football player. Most of the male models 
are athletically inclined and resort to no special methods to keep fit. 



























tae CVERYTHING OUT OF 
YOUR POCKETS O8 1 WILL 
OE WAKER WHEN SLARC HED 


ee eee 


re“ 
a) 


2 a 









1 Just the barest bit of preparation fussiest guest because Libby’s i 
| . and what an elegant dish Beef Stew is just like homemade i 
you’reready toserve! It’sLibby’s with all the work left out. Note 
| Beef Stew heated through, then all that lean, tender meat— mixed 1 
| spooned into packaged noodle with fine garden vegetables and i 
| nests and topped with a dash of flavorful brown gravy. Couldn’t j 
| sharp grated cheese. Really... bemoreperfectforhearty,meaty, i 
this dish is fancy enough for the minute-meals! 
1 Libby, McNeill & Libby, Chicago 4, Ill. j 
| 1 
al acc i sive ci ni sac ta vie an erin eae cindhcadaianaiial 





14 chunks of lean beef 


IS THE AVERAGE IN EVERY 1-2 LB. CAN OF 









*k 
THE LEANER MEATS 


No Negro man depends solely upon modeling for a livelihood, but GO INTO AIL 
his future is brightening despite racial prejudices which limit his use nee 
by television and non-Negro publications. Buddy Walker believes fubby~ 
that advertisers are afraid their products will be boycotted if Negro 
models are used beyond the Negro media. On the other hand, the 
Brandford brothers and Harold Jackman think that avenues are open- FRESH-PACKED 
ing daily for Negro models and that more men should prepare them- MEATS 
selves. States Walter Brandford: “I predict the day is near when Negro 
male models will be used in group pictures in commercial advertise- “Ey 
ments, and we will cease to be classified as Negro models. We will L 
either be bad or good models.” | Richer in Protein ” Bigger in value 





95 








aT MCR a Er 





TIME TO TAKE STOCK 


IXTY years ago, seven men sat down in the backroom of a Durham 
barber shop and took stock of the Negro’s poverty and his inability 
to borrow or to build. Putting ambitions and dreams where money and 
training should have been, they founded the North Carolina Mutual 
" Insurance Company, a $57% million institution. At the head of this 
phenomenally successful firm is newly elected President Asa T. Spaul- 
ding (see picture on opposite page). He is the nephew of the late 
C. C. Spaulding, whose 29 cents saved the infant company from 
bankruptcy back in 1900, when the widow of the first customer de- 
manded full payment of a $40 claim. 

A quarter of a century later in the same state, 15 jitney drivers 
stopped squabbling among themselves long enough to pool their re- 
sources and form Winston-Salem’s Safe Bus, Inc. “The time had come,” 
says one of the founders, “to cooperate or lose all.” Today, they own 
the state’s third largest mass transportation firm, with an annual load 
of-3 million passengers. 

The Negro is making more money and is better trained now than ever 
before. As it was with the seven insurance men and the 15 jitney 
drivers, the time has come for the race to sit down and take stock of 
its mounting assets, to plan how they can be used to lessen the liabilities 
that hinder its progress. It is time, also, for individuals to stop squab- 
bling among themselves over their shortcomings and start pooling their 
resources and talents in order to build more business enterprises and 
to fight for the rights of all men so that they may enjoy the blessings of 
economic independence. 


Evaluating The Race 

HIS seems to be a time for evaluations. President Charles de Gaulle, 

while still a prime minister, took stock of the appalling political and 
economic situation of his beloved France and announced a seven-year 
program of rigid austerity. President Arturo Frondizi followed soon 
after with a two-year plan to cure rich Argentina’s economic ills. Both 
countries hope to recover a prosperity lost because their people lived 
beyond their incomes. Both men found it expedient to put into effect 
hard work and “stern methods of financial disciplining” in order to 
“offset the effects of years of uninhibited spending.” 

Declared Frondizi: “We must cure our economic ills. We cannot 
continue consuming at a higher rate than we are producing.” De Gaulle 
warned his people that they must depend less upon foreign aid and 
more upon their own resources. 

Like presidents de Gaulle and Frondizi, the Negro needs to re-evalu- 
ate the monetary resources of his race and set up a rigid program of 
economic austerity to offset the years of squandering which have robbed 
him of financial security—his most potent weapon of protest. For the 
higher a man’s Dun and Bradstreet, the closer is he to full equality. 

Like the Argentinians, Negroes have been consuming at a higher 
rate than they have produced. Too many have been spending more 
than they earn. They have been living too much with the glamour 
of today to be concerned with the unpredictability of tomorrow. They 
have been doing too well as individuals to be worried with the problems 
of the group. They have leaned so long upon the aid of white people 
that they are reluctant to rely upon themselves. 


Lone Fighter 


TUDENTS from four foreign nations—India, the Sudan, Indonesia 

and Napal—recently reported on the “things I do not understand 
about the United States Negro.” Among characteristics they found 
most puzzling was the Negro’s lack of militancy and the sparsity of 
serious organizations. These young folks, whose surging nationalism 
has so recently brought political independence to the continent of Asia, 
cannot understand how an oppressed people who have literally thou- 
sands of organizations for personal enjoyment, have but one for group 


96 





protection. And they cannot understand how that one organization 
which is fighting such a tremendous battle for the civil rights of 16 
million second class citizens, has on its register, less than 400,000 paid 
up members. 

Today the Negro is facing his toughest battle for equality. Oppo- 
nents of integration are spending millions to deprive him of his consti- 
tutional liberties, yet the NAACP, working half-staffed and continually 
damned, must beg for funds to carry on. 

Things have been looking up considerably since the seven insurance 
founders divied up $40 at the beginning of the century, and the 15 
jitney drivers chipped in $1,000 apiece 26 years later. The median 
income of the Negro family in the United States in 1958 was $3,200, 
as compared with $1,869 in 1950, and his buying power, once dis- 
counted as chicken feed, is now a startling $17 billion a year. Yet 
agencies, organizations and institutions, including those especially es- 
tablished to benefit the racially underprivileged, must look to others for 
donations to supplement budgets already pared to the bone, 


Cooperate Or Lose 


N THE face of these facts and mounting racial odds, the hour for 

taking stock is propitious. The need for taking steps is obligatory. 
As the drivers said in Winston-Salem, the time has come to cooperate 
or lose all. Unless the Negro imposes upon himself a stiff austerity 
program and thus supply the funds to fight his battles, the march toward 
full equality can be seriously crippled; recent hard-fought gains can 
be temporarily lost. 

In this present civil rights crisis, backrooms of barber shops should 
be filled with men taking stock of the race’s shortcomings and collect- 
ing together every loose nickel and dime. And it behooves those who 
would be leaders to cease petty bickering over opinions and recogni- 
tion and unite to organize the total resources of the race into a powerful 
fighting machine, if it would meet the challenge of those who would 
deny a man his birthright because of the color of his skin. 

The Negro must not only muster the money necessary to carry on this 
all-important fight, but also provide the brain power to re-evaluate the 
aims of his race within the greater concept of world affairs. The money 
is available (more of it than ever before), but it is being wasted by 
uninhibited and often misdirected spending. 

The obvious answer is a self-imposed program of economic austerity, 
a program urged by Secretary of State Dulles for all of us if the United 
States is to follow a foreign policy designed to block aggressive force, 
promote human dignity and freedom and stimulate economic growth 
and interdependence. 

Such a program will mean sacrificing some of the fancy non-essen- 
tials in which most Americans and all too many Negroes indulge. Such 
a program will mean extending the Negro’s vision further than the 
overloaded dinner table. It will mean budgeting his income past the 
last payment on an automobile that is above his social station and be- 
yond his financial means. 


Blueprint For Victory 


F THE Negro would beg a page from the plans of the seven insur- 
ance founders, he would take stock of his financial assets, his ballot 
power and his numerical strength. 

If the Negro would borrow a phrase from the 15 jitney drivers he 
would pool his physical and financial resources together with his men- 
tal capabilities to build skyscrapers instead of shacks. He would com- 
mand legal victories for the human rights of all instead of compromis- 
ing for petty individual gains. 

If the Negro would steal of plank from the austerity programs of 
France and Argentina, he would have the blueprint whereby he and 
his will live better eventually because they have planned well today. 
















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Attractive widow presides over large, 
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HE little Caribbean island of Hispaniola is shared by Haiti and the 

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mulatto citizens and probably the world’s most glamorous governor. 

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dominantly colored subjects. 

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Governor Josefina Pimentel Boves conducts town meeting in “Room of Seals” at San Cristobal, Government House, Dominican Republic. Behind desk is portrait of Gen- 
eralissimo Trujillo. Senora Boves (below) leaves office for tour of local institutions, industries. Twenty per cent of people are white, 20 per cent Negro, rest mixture of two. 























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Saying goodbye to children, Governor Boves leaves for office. Daughter Adanela 


| Edad, 15, and son Fred Jose Edad, 13, attend local high school. Widowed several 
years, Governor lives with children in attractive green and white two-story house. 


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Crossing palm-lined street brings lady governor to door of Government House where 
her offices are located. Discovery of gold near city of San Cristobal led to found- 
ing of original settlement of Santo Domingo, now Ciudad Trujillo, the capital. 









Continued on Page 102 
























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Male secretary Ramon Dominegues takes dictation from female governor. Arriving 
at office at 7:30 a.m., first half hour is spent taking care of mail. From 8 to 1 p.m. 
she interviews callers. San Cristobal has a population of 15,000. 





Coffee break is important pause in sugar and coffee-growing country. Governor takes 
hers “Dominican” style—black and sweet. Father (1.), General Joseph Pimentel, 
pays daughter surprise visit. He was member chamber of deputies for 15 years. 


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| i © Dusharme Products, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn 102 Continued on Page 104 
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Outside Loyola Poly- 
technical Institute, 
Governor confers with 
Director Ramon Calvo 
and assistant, Prefecto 
Luis Mendia. Some 800 
boys live on campus. 
Dr. Boves is graduate 
of Santo Domingo, the 
oldest (1520) universi- 
ty in the New World. 





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Continued on Page 106 








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106 


‘Seated at carved desk in office at home, 


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a hand in the kitchen, 


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lady governor waits for ietiiae Adanela 
A lawyer seven years before taking over gubernatorial duties, | 


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In combination bar and music nook, Governor selects record for player. 
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Once talented painter, Governor finds duties leave no time for art. 





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How to 


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A little business man in a big town, Lawrence Young—a “rookie” taxi driver at 50—says “being unique is what counts.” In adding mobile tele- 


phone, radio, other extras for passengers, he has logged as much goodwill as mileage. One passenger called him “Host with the most.” 





HACKIE HOST WITH THE MOST 


Plush, gadget-filled taxi of Chicago cab driver offers customer variety of services 


HE dishevelled woman held a blanket-wrapped bundle in one arm, 

waved down an approaching taxi with the other. A 1958 Chevrolet 
stopped in response to her signal and Lawrence Young—tall and gray- 
ing—leaned out into the Chicago sunshine. Entering the door he 
opened for her, the woman raised an eyebrow at the red carpet, took 
stock of the interior and mused: “Mister, I wish my front room was 
as nice as your cab.” 

Unwittingly, the woman had flagged an unusual ride. The fringe 
benefits of a trip in Young's taxi are soft music, a mobile telephone, a 
variety of magazines, cigarettes, chewing gum, cigars, tissues, um- 
brella service from cab to door, and as one passenger put it, “a driver 
who is not an automaton in desperate need of oil.” Explains Young 
of his innovations: “I figure I'm a public servant. When people step 
into my cab they are my guests. | want to treat them the way my 
wife would if they came into our living room at home.” And, like 
any good host, he will “supply anything they want I don't have.” 


What price difference? Often, Lawrence Young wonders. Rebufl: 
hit him from all sides when he started his unique venture When | 
first started driving a cab almost two years ago I got the idea that 
a cab in itself is a very drab vehicle. I thought I'd tidy it up a litth 
and do something extra for the customers. First 1 put in cigarettes 
Then slowly I added the other things.” In the vernacular of his fellow 
taxi drivers. Young was an “odd ball.” One irate old-timer sought to 
discourage his ingenuity with the near blasphemous blast: “Look at 
this guy here. this cab looks like some woman fixed it up! Young 
swallowed hard and changed his magazines. His wite suggested that 
the customers probably didn’t appreciate the added conveniences 
But Young knew the 
customers loved it and had a praise-filled “Courtesy Book” to prove it 


\ paper company executive last year paid him the supreme compli 


much, asked him “why fool away your time?” 


ment when he noted that Young was at Once a ‘super salesman, a 


public relations expert and a one-man Chamber Of Commerce. 


Continued on Next Page it 





Waiting in lineup, Young parks outside famed London House in downtown Loop area. Although far removed from boyhood dreams of becoming a doctor, Young sees “big 
ontribution” he can make as taxi driver. “If I change people’s attitude that cabbies are shiftless guys with no initiative, I’m glad. Fact is, I think I already have.” 


BEING NOVEL COSTS CABBIE $50 A MONTH—AND IS WORTH IT 


est LAWRENCE Young sees his job as more challenging than most customers have never talked at length with a Negro. They think most 


drivers—the latter described by a South Side fleet owner as a of us are sluggish, with the exception of a couple baseball players. | 


bunch of guys intent on rolling on to what they think are better think I’ve changed a few folks,” reflects high school-educated Young. 

istures’—it may be because he has found his pasture on a chassis Indeed, the former chef and car washer has been lauded in every 

willing to cultivate it. “Although I lease a cab presently,” he language from French to Japanese. In a binder which he calls his 

“someday I'd like to own one and later even a fleet.” Young “Guest Book Of Names And Remarks To Remember,” his cab has 

ures that the special features he offers his customers cost $50 been the object of such adulation as: “The Conrad Hilton of the taxi 
monthly world,” “fantastic,” and “an imaginative enterprise.” 

“The mobile phone is the biggest thing, but it pays off. There is no Expressive and personable, Young finds outlets in a variety of ac- 
charge to the busy executive who has to phone his office on an im tivities. He is “deeply religious,” regrets that his schedule (12 hours 
portant matter as he rushes to the airport. The phone is also helpful daily) and Sunday work interfere with church attendance. Young's 
in reporting emergencies like fires and accidents.” His fares averag civic duties include active membership in a number of local youth 
about $100 weekly. organizations. “My most rewarding work is with boys clubs,” he 

While pleasing the passenger is important, Young sees his work as reflects. “With two boys of my own, I have a deep interest in their 
having deeper meaning. “I'm representing OUR group. Many of my future in this city.” 


Using mobile phone, CBS News Commentator Julian Bentley is regular rider, says Young lights cigarette of Mrs. G. F. Kopetsky as Mrs. E. E. Frazier awaits turn 


this guy's different, and that is important.” Hotel pianist Virginia Parker (below Cabbie wants passengers 


“to feel as if they were guest in my own home.” Mrs. L. 
likes umbrella service to door in rainy weather, calls taxi “moving palace.” 


Foucher-Lane (below, r.) chats with Young as Miss M. Pringle enjoys magazine 


etn NEG eR A NY EN 


9 Continued on Page |\4 





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a ae 7 | STONE-FIELD CORP., Dept. L-865 : 
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25 URLS‘ 
22eyi0 for 
wi CATAL 








114 


















Filling up at gas station, Young chats with Herbert Pdlien, owner of cab. Says 
Julian: “I’ve had people write me to tell how impressed they were with Young. 


As a public servant, courtesy and extras go a long way. This man knows this well.” 


Baby son, Lydell, 10 months old, is fa- 
ther’s pride and joy. Says Young, “I 
want a secure future for my children.” 


leet: 














Returning home at end of day’s work, cab- 
| bie Young greets wife Christine with kiss. 
Couple has been married 14 years. 











likes 
“I wish I could spend as much 
Wife Christine 


in modest home, Youngs spend quiet evening. Oldest son, Lawrence Jr., 10, 


daughter, Deborah, 8, is third grader. 
as I'd like to,’ 


to draw; 


time at home he says works as a seamstress. 





“Can’t help shouting about the beer | like !” says cas CALLOWAY 


“You can hear the rafters ring when I praise my favorite beer,” says the famous scat 
singer, Cab Calloway. “That's Rheingold Extra Dry, of course. Because Rheingold has 


the taste my guests and I prefer.” It’s a real-beer taste, clean, clear, really refreshing 


So many people prefer this taste that Rheingold is the most imitated beer in America, 
the favorite by far in all New York. Why don’t you join Cab Calloway who says, 


“My beer is Rheingold—the Dry beer!” 


x 


( 
ere 


If you live in the New York area 
be sure to tune in 


THE 
JACKIE ROBINSON 
SHOW 


Presented by Rheingold every Sunday 
6:30—7 PM WRCA (Radio) Dial 660 


(2: > * 
¥ Fiebmann Drew C¢l(@s, BREWERS F 








114 





Bring your Old Fashioneds up to date 


Your first sip of Old Taylor will show you how flavorful 
Old Fashioneds can be! 


100 proof, bottled in bond Old Taylor is Kentucky bourbon 
at its best—extra-rich and satisfying. 

Prefer milder 86 proof? Ah, then try Old Taylor 86. 

Here, Sir, is the lightest full-flavored bourbon you can buy! 
Each is the finest of its kind. 


Me OLD TAYLOR 


K = er Rae “The Noblest Bourbon of Them All” 








ENC 
FY 


This charming sweater is made of white looped mohair ~~ 
with a rolled deep V-collar, closing with a classic _ 
mohair rose. By Lee Herman of Hollywood, $39.00. 


e 


Continued on Next Page 











For the sophisticate, this full length navy blue knit coat has a striking white applique down the front. Called 
“Springtime,” this is a coat any woman would enjoy wearing. By Lee Herman of Hollywood, price is $59.95. 





& 
For discriminating women, the “Pussy Cat” is a fine 
hand knit sweater with cat applique in faint 
pink satin. By Lee Herman, price is $39.00. 


118 








Called the “Bow of Flowers,” this handsome handmade knit is of 
looped white mohair with gay-colored yarn bows on front and 
sleeves. Designed for Lee Herman, it is priced at $49.95. 








Classic sweater with ultra chic lines in orange mohair 
has boat neckline with single button trim and long 
sleeves. By Westwood Knitting Mills, price is $18. 


FINE BUDGET KNITS WILL PLEASE 
AVERAGE SHOPPER, CAREER GIRI 


HE sweater picture for spring is a very 

pretty one. Like a collection of fine art, they 
stand out for their individuality. Styles range 
from short to long tunics, and cardigans with 
the dressed-up look, to severely tailored crea- 
tions for the sports woman. Bulky knits are 
still popular for spring wear, and mix and 
match coordinates have reached an all time 
high. Although both American and imported 
handknits are pretty as a picture, the fine 
budget knits seem to catch the eye of the 
average shopper and the career gals. 

The colors, too, seem to be prettier than ever 
before, and blends of dacron and orlon are 
made into attractive outfits for travel wear. 
The new knits are made with lots of detail and 
the use of brushed loopy or plain mohair is 
most pertinent. Many of the styles are trimmed 
in leather and ribbons, with lots of clever ap- 
pliques in lace, satin, felt and other trimmings 
that make them all very special to wear and 
see. Whether shopping for everyday or dress- 
up sweaters, the selections are large. Shown 
on these pages are pretty sweaters and knits 
with the new spring look. 





Novel sweater has miniature felt appliques of 
fashion magazines and is made of white wool 
with simple button closing. By Lee Herman, $55. 


Continued on Page 120 





“Models Can’t Take Chances” 


eeeee Says JOYCE BOWMAN, 


Director of the Famous 
Colored Models at 
New York’s leading 
model agency. 


“Their Hair 
Must Look 


Extra Lovely 
All The Time” 





“A professional model’s career may de- 
pend on her hair-do,” says this well- 
known beauty expert. “It’s the first thing 
people notice, and so her hair always must 
look perfect . . . naturally soft, lustrous, 
and inviting to touch. 





‘“That’s why I make sure our glamorous 
girls use the hair dressing that I know 
gives more beauty — the one that gives 
the extra loveliness a model’s hair must 
have, all the time. Our best models 
always use Dixie Peach.’ 





MORE Beauty for ‘‘Model Hair”’ 


This light and fragrant beautifier can do so 
much more for the natural loveliness of your 
hair because it is extra-rich, 
improved with special Lanolin 
and those silking qualities that 


add radiant new life to your 
hair-do and keep it looking 
smooth and perfect as a 


ee ee ene The Cuury Hair Dressing Pomade 


MORE Value for Your Money! 


The biggest jar ond O9C 
at the price! 19¢ Size 59c 





119 





NEW!!! DEODORANT 


from M.A.C. Manufacturing Company. 


aia | 
v AFTER SHOWER... 1 
AFTER HOURS... 


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<7 


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vidual needs; under arms, feet and entire body. YOU too can now enjoy 
the ultimate in a fine deodorant. Send only $1.00 plus tax for the giant 
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Wt ‘e FOE 


Lee shine Mee, mith, pointes: | Sporty heavy knit sweater has a white leather sailor collar. Sweater is trimmed in 
new ‘‘Andrea’’ in black patent; 


red or beige calf, 2%4° stim | grosgrain ribbon and is called “Seven Seas.” By Lee Herman, price is $45. 
heels $9 95 
Money back guar. ee . 


WRITE FOR FREE CATALOG 




















giant selling kit! Everything you need ‘to start 
now! No cost, no obligation! Send name, address 


to: Upland Uniform Corp., Dept. 1-39 ; Sal 


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on 
Highly styled heavy knit cardigan is made of peach and beige 
muted wool. Deep V-neck and large button closing makes 
<_< sweater pretty, practical. By Westwood Knitting Mills, $18. 


aeRO ITE RET ene mmenmeg =f 


HAIR 
STYLING 


CRIMPER 


Style He. 340 only 


Foster Easier For Double Bangs 
Side Slant Weves. STURDY DEF? 
URL WAVE CLAMP mekes latest 
back of head styles easier te handle 
A variety of styles can be yours - 
easior and quicker 





CES ee ne cerns ery eee ee oe ee ee ee ee a 
r /Send me iatest heir styling crimper 

C.O.D. Collect price $1.95 plus C.0.D | 
and postage on delivery. 


Fashion-new styles to fit you | 
who are Tall. Shop from new 


Catalog. Prices are no higher | | 
O Enclosed find $2 — payment in full. than regular misses’ sizes. | 
(You save all postege cherges and get Two-piece, washable, Cotton » _ 
double coupons by mailing $2 cash or 
money order now.) & | ee 


Please print plainly on your envelope 
and coupon to speed delivery. 


| 4 

| f 

| F Knit Blouson Fashion. Sizes 12 | | 4 

| to 22. Only $6.98. Others $3.79 | es iam 
up. Also coats, shoes, lingerie. , 4 : 


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Dincic eerie degpice eal Ir MH 465 Fifth Ave., Dept. T-63 + 
PMO CO. 90 60.009: 0009050 vdsassowsdpen sesedesccedocenses | New York 17, N.Y. | e 
Rout Box N | Please send me FREE Tall Girls Catalog (T-63) . = . a . 
OURC.. rrrcevesesevcccsovececccscees BOR NOvsssesce j i 
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GOLD MEDAL HAIR PRODUCTS. INC | : : <li well knit sweater of alpaca is made in low wool sweater is trimmed with 
0. OS: Gectbal st ¥ Y ; a the cardigan style with deep V-neck. quilted leather. Sweater comes with 
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Nia’ echioe psn Salas Ganda aie tem daa dike moe) | L_ Post Office one State = | By Westwood Knitting Mills, $29.95. matching shorts. Lee Herman, $49.95. 


12C 














$3.50 
Excise Tax 12 
Total $3.62 


Available in two wonderful home 
kits, Super and Regular—ask for 


cor Lustrasilk at your neighborhood 


drug store or beautician’s. If they do 
not have Lustrasilk, ask them to get 
it for you or order direct from: 


LUSTRASILK CORPORATION 


Box 334, Minneapolis, Minnesota 





KQQ ...20 PAGE BOOKLET 


“ Write for your free copy of “Your Hair and 
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write to... LUSTRASILK CORPORATION, P. O. 


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© Lustrasitk Corp, 


LULA 


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Now you can bring out the “natural’’ beauty of 
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121 











Jeweled Easter Eggs are easy to make. Color with regular Easter egg dye and add “gems” of rhinestones, rubies and sequins from dime store. 


EASTER PARTY 


Dress up eggs with gems, decals 


PRINGTIME and time for a party, and what dimpled 
little girl wouldn't be thrilled beyond measure to be 
hostess at an Easter Egg party. Mother will bake and frost 





















the cake and make the sodas, but the junior miss can assume 
almost all responsibility for dyeing and decorating eggs. 
First, she will start with clean, fresh, white hard-cooked 
eggs. Then in pyrex bowls she will dissolve the coloring 
tablets in hot water and add a teaspoon of vinegar. After 
the eggs are colored (and check to see that the Easter Egg 4 
kit contains certified food colors) she can decorate some of j 
ther with decals, multicolor glitter and egg dress-ups. 
Linda Baron (right), decorated her party cake with some 
of the gay little figures which come in a circus kit. These 
are on a perforated sheet and children can easily punch 
them out, assemble and place colored eggs in the openings 
which form part of the bodies. Write for recipe for Peanut 
Sutter Party Cake. 


Wa ga Sy Fie NS ale ee ae al ae laa a a eal rae ee) ea eee ig | Tea dear | 








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An information-packed article about your baby’s care, feeding, growth and fun. 


Good ways to handle 
your “little handful” 





Baby’s “first course” 
— cereal or bottle? 


ie 


aieteean ets ome 


. 


Sete E ES 


Don't miss baby’s 
tax benefits 


RAGU et ite th) tt 





f your baby loves to throw things ® Remember: distracting works 
and empty wastebaskets, he’s a better than scolding. When baby 
typical toddler! But how can you heads for the wastebasket, see if he’ll 
handle this bundle of energy without settle for a pail of blocks instead. Or 
running out of energy yourself? let music help divert him from forbid- 
‘ ; ; pe den territory —he’ll sometimes pause 
ai ecee lar denn eine to swing and sway to the rhythm. To make tiered centerpiece, use dinner plate, salad plate, bread plate, two 
akill and skills must be practiced. © As you Mke it: An Ohio mother’s small jars, green paper, modeling clay, three paper doilies, tape and imitation 
You'll probably soon get tired re- letter is typical of thousands praising grass. Cover jars with paper, stack on plates. Fasten with clay, decorate. 
turning what he tosses. If so, try the exclusive new screw caps now on 
tying his toys to high chair or crib many Heinz Baby Foods. She writes: 
with sturdy strings (no longer than “Your new screw-off cap makes 
one foot, or he may get tangled up). everything easier. It saves time— 
Then he can learn how much fun opens with a twist. And is so easy 
it is to “go fishing.” to reseal for refrigerator storage.”’ 


@ Foot-in-the-mouth is a favorite 
game with 7-month-olds. This neat 
trick (ever try it?) requires many skills: 
grabbing the foot, holding on, pulling 
it up to chew on. More fun than toys. 


@ You should see Heinz new multi- 
million-dollar Research Center! In this 
beautiful ultramodern building, you’d 
be amazed at the many ways Heinz 
scientists and quality-control experts 
constantly check your baby’s food—to 
make it even more delicious and nutri- 
tious. You’re cordially invited to visit 
us whenever you come to Pittsburgh. 





@ Baby brings tax savings along 
with other joys! Even if he arrived 
a minute before midnight on New | 
Year’s Eve, your newborn counts as 
a $600 federal income tax exemption 
—worth at least $120 in taxes. You 
may be entitled to a refund on your 
final 1958 tax return. Another tip: 
When you have a baby, tell your 
hubby’s boss. He’ll withhold less tax. 





@ Which comes first at mealtime Over 100 Better-Tasting 
-—-formula or cereal? Some babies Strained a. Seiak 
are so fond of their bottle they resent rained an unior 


solid food till they’ve had a good 
drink of milk. Others happily lap up 
cereal first and finish off with for- 
mula, Let your baby decide which 
suits him better. He’ll love all five 
Heinz Pre-cocked Cereals: delicious 
Rice, Barley, Oatmeal, Mixed Cere- 
als and High Protein. ...-including meats, cereals and juices | paper for petals, pipe cleaners for stems and sequins and glitter for additional color. 






HEINZ | 





124 Continued on Page +26 





TO HER STUDENTS at Morgan State College, Mrs. Winder-Gilkes points 
out that Carnation is the safest form of milk for baby’s bottle. 


College child-development teacher tells why doctors 


Professionally, Mrs. Winder-Gilkes is known as 
Dr. T. Vivian Winder. Her doctorate is in home 
economics. She teaches nutrition, marriage and 
family life, and child development at Morgan 
State College in Baltimore, Md. Dr. Winder is 


definite about Carnation’s superior qualities for 


infant feeding as well as for cooking. 


“Carnation is the most digestible and the most 
nourishing form of milk for infant formulas,” 
Dr. Winder states. “It is used in more hospital 


formula rooms than all other brands combined. 


“And this milk that is best for babies is 
best for cooking, too. That’s not surprising 


RECIPE: 


CARNATI 


(makes about 2 cups) 


2 tablespoons butter 
2 tablespoons flour 
1/4 teaspoon salt 
V4 teaspoon pepper 
124 cups (large can 
CARNATION EVAPORAT 


) undiluted 


utter, flour, salt and peppe 
smooth. Gradually 
ing until thic 


Blend b . 
low heat until 
nation. Continue stirr 


ON CREAM SAUCE 


ED MILK 


rin saucepan over 
add undiluted Car- 
kened and smooth. 


when you realize that Carnation is double-rich. 


“It is pure, whole milk, evaporated to remove 
more than half the water. Nothing else is taken 
out, nothing is added but Vitamin D. Every 
drop is simply twice as rich as ordinary milk. 
That’s why Carnation looks like cream, pours 


” 


like cream — and even whips! 


Dr. Winder says no other form of milk will do 
for “creamy” recipes, like the lump-free cream 
sauce on this page. “This cream sauce takes 
only half the usual butter and flour because 
Carnation itself is so rich. I use it for creamed 
chicken, tuna, chipped beef and casseroles.” 


[Orrico 


Sear sy Fe 
fey Fe 
sta $ 


Sy 


EVAPORATED 


v MILK 


« 


MRS. WINDER-GILKES is shown here with her husband, 
Evan Gilkes, M.D., a gynecologist and obstetrician 
in Baltimore. The Gilkes are shown in one of their 
rare interludes of leisure — Saturday at lunch. 


“COFFEE isn’t coffee without Carnation,” Mrs. Winder 
Gilkes declares. ‘““There’s nothing better.”’ Carnation 
in the red and white can is the world’s leading brand 
of evaporated milk. 


125 





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aCe 


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Automatic potato peeler removes only the 
thinnest layer of skin. Operated by the 
power of water from the kitchen faucet, 
it peels, washes two pounds potatoes 
in one minute. By A. Peterson, $10. 


? 

lean BAKING 2Z Lome 
Baking is one of 
America’s high industries in wages. . 
Not seasonable, but year ‘round good 
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Thorough basic spare time home study 
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c. 


Combo Ruler is a combination ruler and 
| teaching device, enables pupils to under- 
stand addition, subtraction, multiplica- 
| tion and division of fractions, decimals 
|and percentages. Helberg Ent., $1.25. 





OWN BUSINESS 


WITH A POTENTIAL MARKET | 
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New shop-method, home-training 


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Shows you how you learn every 


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Musical Puppet is a beautiful reproduc- 
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POLITICS Write today for your FREE copy. Teally seems to be laughing. A Swiss 
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SHOPPING 
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Saf-T-Stand Ladder made of aluminized, | 


rust-resistant metal has heavy, non-slip 
rubber feet, large standing platform. 
Novel Products, Inc. ladder comes in 5, 
6, 7 foot lengths. Prices, $11, $14, $17. 


Wine Basket (from Paris): 
shaped, this silver plated wine basket 
(1.) will give you distinction in serving 
fine wine. It may be ordered direct from 
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127 





in favish new Broadway musical, Flower Drum Song, Juanita Hall, interpreting role of Madam Liang, sings Chop Suey with ensemble background. Her method in achieving 
authentic Oriental quality for part of Bloody Mary in South Pacific was to play the part as nearly Chinese as she could. As Madam Liang, she says, “I am Chinese.” 


As Bloody Mary in South Pacific, Juanita Hall scored 
Broadway triumph as Tonkinese woman. She is shown 
in scene with Betta St. John and William Talbert. 


128 


BROADWAY ‘ORIENTAL 


Juanita Hall scores her second stage hit in Eastern role 


UANITA Halls theatrical destiny seems to 

lie in the direction of the East. Two times 
in the last decade, the engaging actress from 
Keyport, New Jersey, has been cast as an 
Oriental in hit Broadway musicals. 

After 22 years in show business, she reached 
star status in 1950 as Bloody Mary, the rau- 
cous Tonkinese woman who endeared her- 
self to millions with her singing of Bali Ha’i. 
Now, at 44, she is again delighting Broadway 
audiences with a spirited performance as a 
mature Chinese lady named Madam Liang, 
one of the principal roles in Flower Drum 
Song, the newest offering by Rodgers and 
Hammerstein. 

Flower Drum Song deals lightly and clever- 
ly with the clash of Oriental and Western 
ways in San Francisco’s Chinatown. Madam 
Liang, played with great authority by Juanita, 
is the dignified and most emphatic sister-in- 
law of a widower. Throughout the show, she 
delivers a series of sage observations on men, 
women and teen-agers. Musically, Juanita 


Dramati- 
cally, she proves she is an actress of charm 
and real talent. 

Juanita Hall is the lone Negro in the cast 
of 59, which includes only one white actor, 
Larry Blyden. Before the Broadway opening, 
an ad for the show in New York Chinese 
language newspapers caused the child of 
Chinese friends of Miss Hall’s to exclaim 
triumphantly to her parents: “You see, Juanita 
Hall is Chinese after all. She’s been passing 
for colored all the time!” 

C. Y. Lee, Chinese author of the novel from 
which the musical was adapted, was so im- 
pressed with Juanita’s convincing performance 
as a Chinese lady that he told her: “You have 
a good deal of Chinese blood in you, don't 
you? I ask because I think you are more 
Chinese than any one else in the cast.” There 
was a time when she quickly corrected such 


has never been better presented. 


mistaken impressions by explaining proudly, 
“I'm a Negro.” Now, a little older, wiser, more 
tolerant, she smiles, says, “I’m an American.” 





iii me 


Wearing specially-made hair-piece a accentuates 
actress awaits curtain cali in her dressing room. She 


iT 
J 
a 
ve 
Te 
Te) 

2% =” 4 


Oriental cast of her face, 
is wearing a silk kimono 


which she bought in Hawaii. Her hair was dyed red for the Bloody Mary role. 


In second act of Flower Drum Song, 
Other Generation. 
the other generation?” 


Pair sings The 


Juanita is featured in duet with Keye 
“What,” 


Luke. 


they ask, “are we going to do about 


As one of musical’s principals, she makes $700 a week. 


Continued on Next Page 


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129 











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130 





In dressing room in St. James Theater, 
Juanita applies make-up which empha- 


| sizes her naturally Oriental features. 





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taches specially-made hair-piece and 
rolls bun at back in Chinese style. 


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Onstage, veteran actress plays scene with Keye Luke and Ed Kenny. She spends 
hour applying makeup, having her hair piece adjusted and dressing before perform- 
ance. Cast is made up of Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, one Negro and a white man. 








After performance, Juanita is congratulated 
by actress Mary Martin, who played 
leading female role in South Pacific. 


With director Gene Kelly, she chats with 
well-wishers. She has two-year contract 
with producers of successful musical. 


CHINESE LIKE PERFORMANCE 


| JUANITA Hall, whose portrayal of the flighty, impulsive, strong- 
willed Madam Liang earned admiring approval from drama critics, 
has never been to the Orient. The first Chinese person she met was 
Charlie Lee, who ran a laundry in Keyport, N. J., where she was born. 
When she told her grandmother stories she heard at school about Mr. 
| Lee cutting off girls’ hair and eating rats, she was taken to meet the 
town laundryman whom she found to be a warm, kind, gentle man. 
“You see, Juanita,” her grandmother told her, “there’s no real differ- 
ence between you and Mr. Lee. He merely happened to be born on 
the other side of the world, while you were born right here.” 
Juanita’s profound respect for Chinese people and their culture will 
not allow her to caricature Chinese types on the stage. Since Flower 
Drum Song opened, a steady stream of Chinese visitors has appeared 
at her dressing room to congratulate her warmly on a believable and 
| dignified performance. 











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131 





130 


Edward Kennedy ( Duke) 





Seldom photographed Edna Ellington, alone for 30 years, says she has gloried in the 
Duke’s successes, grieved in his sorrows. An avid reader of his press and an up-to- 
date collector of his works, she feels their son Mercer is much better musician. 


132 








Musician's wife lives quietly in Washington 


By MARC CRAWFORD 


OR 60 bitter-sweet years, woman and girl, dark-eyed Edna Ellington 

has been inextricably bound to the legend that is Duke Ellington. 
Born right across the street from him on Washington, D. C.’s Ward 
Place in the same year, she was his earliest playmate, a classmate for 
12 years, his wife for more than 40 and mother of his two sons, the 
younger dying in infancy. 

They are still married, although separated for nearly 30 years. Yet, 
she is the virtually unknown Duchess who has lived a lifetime in Duke’s 
shadow, shunning the public, living in a fashion obsolete in our time. 

Last week, the bell of her 11-room apartment in Northwest Washing- 
ton rang six times. And then the door opened for the first time on all 
the happiness and hurt, joy and pain, hopes and dreams that are the 
history of 60 unusual years. 

“Yes,” the tall straight-backed woman replied, “I am Mrs. Duke 
Ellington. Won't you come in, please?” 

Except for a slight sniffle, no one would have guessed she was suffer- 
ing from a virus infection. “You'll have to take me like you found me,” 
she laughed good-naturedly. “You didn’t tell me you were coming.” 

She wore a bright red Chinese housecoat. The shapely legs appeared 
firm, like those of a woman half her years, and the straight coal-black 
hair was swirled to the side of a finely molded head, accentuated by 
bright earrings. Bright like her sparkling eyes are bright. Everything 
about her seemed young as though she had forgotten to leave them 
in her springtime. 

A baby grand piano dominated the sparsely furnished living room 
and from behind a furious cylinder of smoke, she rejoined: “Of course 
I can play it. I taught Ellington and Mercer (their son) how to read 
music. Ellington would be out behind the YMCA playing football 
and basketball when he should have been studying. We were going 
to Armstrong High School then. Duke wanted to be a commercial 
artist. I wanted to be a music teacher.” 

A perfect hostess, she was serving a drink and though the necessary 
small talk accompanied it, there was a feeling that here was a woman 
who had waited many years to say something important to her. 











131 





your 


Tay 








a 


| Wy 
7 Massengill 


Powder 


Signing autographs at command performance for Princess Margaret at Stratford 
(Canada) Shakespearean Festival (above), Duke is genial and obliging. Edna says 
that despite his exuberance (below), Duke is really a moody and very lonely person. 
Duke has written nearly 2,000 suites, ballads, and blues in the past 30 years. 






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Continued on Next Page 133 











132 


THAN YOU 
REALLY ARE! 








choosing sides for soft ball game with trumpeter Cat Anderson (c.) and Chicago 
beauty Geneva Patch, Duke is well-groomed and impeccable even in Bermuda shorts. 


: | (MAS. DURE ELLINGTON continued 
% Ee ca ee | “It was at Armstrong that Ellington and I fell in love. He had just 
OLD YOUNG MAN Lack of Scalp care is no Is SHE PUSHING 45? Her dull lifeless hair 


: ‘hair | Jearned the difference between girls and boys,” smiling as she said it. 
asset in business or social life. Don't let your adds years to her age.... because actually she is | . ia , 
appearance belie your actual age. not yet 40.... Imagine hair making you look 15to | “Shortly before we were 20, we got married (July 2, 1918) and before 


20 years older than you are! | ° ° ° . 
| we were 21 Mercer came. Ellington was working in music then and 


i ATTRACTIVE HAIR PCr hs OU | he was a messenger in the Treasury Dept. He also painted backdrops 


| at the Howard Theater. Those were hard days. But even then he had 


YOUNG LOOKING i <— his wagon to a star. He knew he would be great. 


hen the second baby came. It was too close to the first and died. 
U | We were very young then. Kids, really. I think we both thought Mercer 
se | was a toy. We left Mercer in Washington and went to New York. I 
| was one of Ellington’s show girls, though really all I had to do was 
eo af. | walk around and lend atmosphere. Those were the days when we 
lived in one room and beans were only 5 cents a can. Some days we 

| didn’t have the 5 cents. 
PROVED More Than J MILLION TIMES! | “Like all things, times began to get better. But I was young and 
| jealous and didn’t want to share him with the public. I couldn’t stand 
around waiting until the public had their fill of him before he could 
| give me some of his time. If there was something important I wanted 
| to say to him, I wanted to rush up and tell him then. But I had to wait. 
| Then came the big breakup. Ellington thought I should have been 
| more understanding of him. I guess I should have been, I guess I've 


_regretted—I know I’ve regretted it. You see I’m still hooked on 
| Ellington.” 


| 








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Now Edna (she doesn’t stand on formality) was at the piano giving 


— 
loss. However in the great majority of cases of bald- > 
n6sh; ho Maen Brennuetion $0 of aur Galen abate, ECONOMY JAR $3.00 | her restless hands something to do. She was playing Ellington, but she 
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| “Why didn’t we divorce after the breakup?” Edna repeated the 
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They're never on time. You know Ellington loves baked beans. Not 


he 





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The years have changed you somehow 


134 * Copyright 1933, Gotham Music Service, Inc., New York. Music by Duke Ellington, 
lyrics by Irving Mills and Mitchell Parish. 


Raat ahr mee UCC OZ, ee Ze BE 2 BS ma ee LAN TiwvrTr Tryarr Tria 











Continued on Next Page i133 


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A connoisseur of beauty, Duke eyes shapely legs of dancer Carmen De Lavallade. In 
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136 


Continued on Page 138 













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137 





Sixty years of living (40 of 
them in show business) 
show in Duke’s face at 
end of another weary one- 
nighter. Pensive and al- 
ways quick witted, Elling- 
ton seldom lets conversa- 
tion get around to his 
family, never complains 
about personal problems. 





MAS. DURE ELLINGTON continued 





| “I see Ellington sometimes. Whenever anything happens he'll call 
me or I'll call him. He'll open up to me when he’s angry. But Duke— 
and Mercer takes after him in this respect—is a lonely man. He masks 
his emotions. Never wants you to know how he actually feels. Elling- 
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It challenged him to create. 


I see you now—smoking, drinking, never thinking 
of tomorrow. Nonchalant. Diamonds shining, dancing, 


dining with some man in a restaurant 


“That's how I was after the breakup. In New York, but I was hurt.” 
And still the notes peeled from the baby grand. 


Is that all you really want? 





“I suppose what I really want now is what everyone seeks: peace 
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| Ellington’s son.” 


No, sophisticated lady, I know 
You missed the love you lost long ago 


fie e BY | The song was almost over. “I have as much of him as he could have 

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